The Civil War in the East

1st Regiment of Infantry, United States Colored Troops


The First Regiment of United States Colored Troops lost 4 officers and 67 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 113 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.



May 19 - June 30

Organized in the District of Columbia


Ordered to Dept. of Virginia. Duty at Norfolk, Portsmouth and Yorktown, Va. attached to United States Forces, Norfolk and Portsmouth, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina


Attached to United States Forces, Yorktown, Va., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina

December 5-24

Expedition from Norfolk to South Mills, Camden Court House, etc., N. C. Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 25th Corps, then 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 25th Corps



Attached to 1st Brigade, Hincks' Colored Division, 18th Corps, Army of the James, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina


Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 18th Corps

May 4-June 15

Butler's operations south of James River and against Petersburg and Richmond, Va.

May 24

Action at Wilson's Wharf

June 15-18

Assaults on Petersburg

From the wayside marker at Battery 8 on the Petersburg defences:

"On June 15, 1864, after seizing Battery 5, Union troops swept southward along the Dimmock Line. Men of the 1st and 22nd Colored Troops captured Battery 8, overcoming heavy resistance from part of Brig. Gen. Henry A. Wise’s Virginia brigade. By the morning of June 16, the 1.5 miles of Confederate works between Batteries 3 and 11 were in Union hands."

June 16 - December 7

Siege of Petersburg and Richmond

There is a monument to the men of the United States Colored Troops on the Petersburg battlefield

July 30

Explosion of Mine, Petersburg

September 28-30

Demonstration on north side of the James River; Battle of Chaffin's Farm, New Market Heights

September 29

Fort Harrison

October 27-28

Battle of Fair Oaks

December 7-27

Expedition to Fort Fisher, N. C.

January 7-15

2nd Expedition to Fort Fisher, N, C.


January 15

Assault on and capture of Fort Fisher

January 19

Sugar Loaf Hill

February 11

Sugar Loaf Battery

February 18-20

Fort Anderson

February 22

Northeast Ferry and Capture of Wilmington

March 1-April 26

Campaign of the Carolinas. Attched to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 10th Corps, Dept. of North Carolina.

March 6-21

Advance on Goldsboro

March 21

Occupation of Goldsboro

March 23-24

Cox's Bridge

April 9-13

Advance on Raleigh

April 13

Occupation of Raleigh

April 26

Bennett's House. Surrender of Johnston and his army.


Duty in the Dept. of North Carolina

September 29

Mustered out

About the Author • ©2015 Steve Hawks