The Civil War in the East

10th United States Infantry Regiment


The 10th United States Infantry Regiment lost 3 officers and 83 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 3 officers and 49 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. The regiment is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

Monument to the Tenth United States Infantry Regiment at Gettysburg



Companies B, E, G and I - Duty in Defenses of Washington, D.C. attached to Sykes' Regular Infantry (Reserve) Brigade. Army Potomac

Companies A and F at Socorro, N.M.

Company C at Fort Wise, Colo.

Companies D and K at Fort Laramie, Neb.

Company H at Pinos Ranch near Santa Fe, N.M.


Companies A, F & H concentrated at Fort Craig

February 21

Companies A, F & H - Battle of Valverde, N.M.


Companies B, E, G and I - Moved to the Virginia Peninsula

April 5-May 4

Companies B, E, G and I - Siege of Yorktown, Va.

April 8

Companies A, F & H - Albuquerque

April 15

Companies A, F & H - Peralta


Companies B, E, G & I attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army Potomac


Companies D and K moved to Fort Kearney and duty there

June 25-July 1

Seven days before Richmond (Companies B, E, G & I )

June 26

Battle of Mechanicsville (Companies B, E, G & I )

June 27

Gaines' Mill (Companies B, E, G & I )

June 30

Turkey Bridge (Companies B, E, G & I )

July 1

Malvern Hill (Companies B, E, G & I )

July August

At Harrison's Landing (Companies B, E, G & I )

August 16-28

Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Centerville. (Companies B, E, G & I )

August 28-September 2

Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia (Companies B, E, G & I )

August 29

Battle of Groveton (Companies B, E, G & I )

August 30

Bull Run (Companies B, E, G & I )

September to November 7

Companies C, F & H march to Fort Leavenworth, Kan.

September 6-22

Maryland Campaign (Companies B, E, G & I )

September 16-17

Battle of Antietam

Three companies of the 10th were attached to the 2nd United States Infantry under Captain John S. Poland of the 2nd. Company E was commanded by First Lieutenant George S. Lauman, Company G by Captain Henry E. Maynadier and Company I by Second Lieutenant William L. Kellog.

September 19-20

Shepherdstown Ford (Companies B, E, G & I )


At Sharpsburg (Companies B, E, G & I )

October 29-November 19

Movement to Falmouth, Va. (Companies B, E, G & I )

November 7

Companies C, F & H leave Fort Leavenworth, Kan. for Washington, D.C.

November 24

Companies C, F & H arrive Washington, D.C.

November 28

Companies C, F & H join Regiment at Aquia Creek, Va.

December 12-15

Battle of Fredericksburg, Va.


January 20-24

"Mud March"

April 7

Companies D and K left Fort Kearney

April 27-May 6

Chancellorsville Campaign

April 30

Companies D and K join Regiment near Chancellorsville, Va.

May 1-5

Battle of Chancellorsville

June 11-July 24

Gettysburg Campaign

Captain William Clinton brought three companies (D, G & H) to the field.


From the monument:

"July 2 Arrived with the Brigade in the morning and took position on the right of the Twelfth Corps. Later moved to the left and at 6 p.m. the Brigade form ed line with left on north slope of Little Round Top the right extending into the woods. Advanced across Plum Run and to the crest of the rocky wooded hill in front near the Wheatfield and facing left occupied the stone wall on the edge of the woods. The Confederates having opened fire on the right flank and advanced through the Wheatfield in the rear the Brigade was withdrawn under a heavy infantry fire on both flanks and from the rear and shot and shell from the batteries and was formed in line on the right of Little Round Top.


July 3 Remained in same position.

Casualties: killed 1 officer and 15 men; wounded 5 officers and 27 men; missing 3 men"

July 1-3

Battle of Gettysburg

July 5-24

Pursuit of Lee

August 16-20

Moved to New York and attached to Dept. of the East

September 14

At Fort Hamilton, N.Y. Harbor


April 23 - April 29

Moved to front and Joined 9th Army Corps at Bealeton Station, Va. Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, Army Potomac

May 4-June 12

Rapidan Campaign

May 5-7

Battle of the Wilderness

May 8-21

Spotsylvania Court House

May 10

Ny River

May 12

Assault on the Salient

May 22-26

North Anna River

May 26-28

On line of the Pamunkey

May 18-31


June 1-12

Cold Harbor

June 1-3

Bethesda Church

June 11

Transferred to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps

June 16-18

Before Petersburg

June 16 -
October 25

Siege of Petersburg

August 18-21

Weldon Railroad

September 29-October 2

Poplar Springs Church, Peeble's Farm,

October 12 to 25

Attached to Provost Guard, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

October 25-29

Moved to Fort Hamilton, N.Y. Harbor. Attached to Dept. of the East

April 23

Moved to the field and Joined Army Potomac, at Burkesville, Va., attached to Headquarters, Army of the Potomac

May 2-12

March to Washington, D.C.

May 23

Grand Review


Duty at Washington, D.C.

October 20-27

Moved to St. Louis, Mo., then to St. Paul, Minn.

About the Author • ©2015 Steve Hawks