The Civil War in the East

7th United States Infantry Regiment


The 7th United States Infantry Regiment lost 2 officers and 50 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 officers and 56 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. The regiment is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.



Originally formed in January of 1812 as the 8th United States Infantry, it was consolidated with the 24th and 39th Regiments in late 1815 to form the 7th United States Infantry. It is still in service today, one of five oldest continuously serving regiments in the United States Army. It has served in 76 campaigns in 12 wars, more than any other U.S. Infantry regiment.


The regiment earned its nickname, "The Cottonbalers," at the Battle of New Orleans in 1815.


In New Mexico

July 25

Concentrated at Fort Fillmore. Action at Mesilla

July 27

Evacuation of Fort Fillmore

July 27

St. Augustine Springs

Seven companies (A, B, D, E, G, I and K) surrendered by Major Lynde. Paroled and moved to Fort Union, then ordered to Jefferson Barracks, Mo.


February 21

Companies C, F, H at Valverde, N.M.

September 30

Seven surrendered companies exchanged and ordered to Join Army Potomac. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army Potomac

November 3

Snicker's Gap, Va.

December 12-15

Battle of Fredericksburg


January 20-24

"Mud March"

April 27-May 6

Chancellorsville Campaign

May 1-5

Battle of Chancellorsville

June 11-July 24

Gettysburg Campaign

July 1-3

Battle of Gettysburg

Four companies of the regiment (A, B, E and I, 153 men) were on the field, commanded by Captain David P. Hancock.


From the monument:

"July 2 Arrived in the morning and took position with the Brigade on the right of the Twelfth Corps. Later moved with the Brigade to the left and at 5 p.m. formed line on the right of Little Round Top. Advanced across Plum Run and to the crest of the rocky wooded hill in front near the Wheatfield and facing to the left occupied the stone wall on the edge of the woods. The Confederates having opened fire on the right flank and advanced through the Wheatfield in the rear the Brigade was withdrawn under a deadly fire of musketry on both flanks and on the rear and of shot and shell from the batteries and formed in line on the right of Little Round Top.

July 3 Remained in the same position.


July 4 Advanced nearly a mile in support of a skirmish line of the Twelfth and Fourteenth Infantry

Casualties: killed 1 officer and 11 men; wounded 3 offices and 42 men; missing 2 men"

July 5-24

Pursuit of Lee

August 14

Moved to New York and attached to Dept. of the East


May, 1865

Moved to Florida

About the Author • ©2015 Steve Hawks