The Civil War in the East

1st Rhode Island Light Artillery, Battery B

Rhode Island's Battery B lost 1 officer and 13 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 15 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.


It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg (right).

Monument to Rhode Island's Battery B at Gettysburg



Organized at Providence

August 18

Mustered in

August 23

Left State for Washington, D.C. Duty at Camp Stone and along Upper Potomac attached to Stone's Brigade, Division of the Potomac

October 21-24

Operations on the Potomac attached to Artillery, Stone's (Sedgwick's) Division, Army of the Potomac

October 21

Battle of Ball's Bluff

The battery lost 5 men wounded and 4 missing.


February 25-26

March to Harper's Ferry, W. Va.

March 7-10

Moved to Charlestown, then to Berryville attached to Artillery, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

March 13-14

Advance toward Winchester

March 22-April 1

Return to Harper's Ferry, then moved to Washington. D.C., and Hampton, Va.

April 5-May 4

Siege of Yorktown

May 31-June 1

Battle of Fair Oaks (Seven Pines)

June 25-July 1

Seven days before Richmond

June 29

Peach Orchard and Savage Station

June 30

Charles City Cross Roads and Glendale

July 1

Malvern Hill


At Harrison's Landing

August 16-31

Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Alexandria and Fairfax C. H.

August 31-September 2

Cover retreat of Pope's Army from Bull Run to Washington


Maryland Campaign

September 14

Battle of South Mountain

September 16-17

Battle of Antietam

September 22

Moved to Harper's Ferry

October 16-17

Reconnaissance to Charlestown

October 30-
November 17

Advance up Loudoun Valley and movement to Falmouth, Va.

December 11-15

Battle of Fredericksburg



Duty at Falmouth

April 27-May 6

Chancellorsville Campaign

May 3

Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg

May 3-4

Salem Heights

May 4

Banks' Ford

June 11-July 24

Gettysburg Campaign. Attached to Artillery Brigade, 2nd Army Corps

July 1-4

Battle of Gettysburg

The battery was commanded at Gettysburg by Lieutenant John K. Bucklyn until he was wounded on July 2. Second Lieutenant Benjamin Freeborn then took command in spite of being slightly wounded himself.


Battery E brought 116 men to the field serving six 12-pounder Napoleons. It lost 3 killed, 26 wounded and 1 missing

September 13-17

Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan

October 9-22

Bristoe Campaign

October 14

Auburn and Bristoe

November 7-8

Advance to line of the Rappahannock

November 26-
December 2

Mine Run Campaign



At Stevensburg, Va.

February 6-7

Demonstration on the Rapidan


Campaign from the Rapidan to the James

May 5-7

Battles of the Wilderness

May 8-12


May 12-21

Spotsylvania C. H.

May 12

Assault on the Salient

May 23-26

North Anna River

May 26-28

Line of the Pamunkey

May 28-31


June 1-12

Cold Harbor

June 16-18

Before Petersburg; Siege of Petersburg begins

June 22-23

Jerusalem Plank Road

July 27-28

Deep Bottom

August 14-18

Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom

August 25

Ream's Station

September 30

Battery A, 1st Rhode Island Artillery transferred to Battery B

October 27-28

Hatcher's Run


February 5-7

Dabney's Mills

March 28-April 9

Appomattox Campaign

April 2

Fall of Petersburg

April 6

Sailor's Creek

April 7

High Bridge and Farmville

April 9

Appomattox C. H. Surrender of Lee and his army.

May 2-15

Moved to Washington, D.C.

May 23

Grand Review

June 13

Mustered out

About the Author • ©2015 Steve Hawks