The Civil War in the East

126th New York Infantry Regiment


The 126th New York Infantry Regiment lost 16 officers and 137 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 122 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.


It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

Monument to the 126th Infantry Regiment at Gettysburg



Organized at Geneva, N.Y. by Colonel Eliakim Sherrill

August 22

Mustered in at Troy, N.Y.

September 2

Left State for Baltimore, Md., then moved to Martinsburg, Va.

September 11-12

Retreat to Harper's Ferry, Attached to Miles' Command, Harper's Ferry

September 12-15

Defense of Harper's Ferry

September 12-13

Maryland Heights

Lost 16 killed and 42 wounded

September 14-15

Bolivar Heights

September 15

Regiment surrendered

September 16

Paroled and sent to Annapolis, Md.; then to Camp Douglas, Chicago, Ill., and duty there guarding prisoners until November.

November 22

Declared exchanged

November 23-25

Moved to Washington, D. C. Camp at Arlington Heights, Va. Defenses of Washington

December 3

At Centreville, Va. attached to 3rd Brigade, Casey's Division, Defenses of Washington, D.C.



Attached to 3rd Brigade, Casey's Division. 22nd Army Corps


Attached to 3rd Brigade, Abercrombie's Division, 22nd Army Corps

June 25

Ordered to join Army of the Potomac in the field attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps

June 25-July 24

Gettysburg Campaign

July 1-3

Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Eliakim Sherrill until he took command of the brigade on July 2. Lieutenant Colonel James M. Bull then took command of the regiment. Sherrill was then mortally wounded on July 3.


From the monument:

"The regiment was in position two hundred yards at the left, July 2 until 7 p.m., when the brigade was conducted thirteen hundred yards farther to the left and the regiment with the 111th N.Y. and 125th N.Y., charged the enemy in the swale, near the source of Plum Run, driving them there from and advancing one hundred and seventy five yards beyond, towards the emmitsburg Road, to a position indicated by a monument on Sickles Avenue. At dark the regiment returned to near its former position. In the afternoon of July 3rd it took this position and assisted in repulsing the charge of the enemy, capturing three stands of colors and many prisoners."


"Number engaged, 30 officers, 425 enlisted men, total engaged 455. Killed, 5 officers, 35 enlisted men. Wounded, 9 officers 172 enlisted men. Missing, 10 enlisted men. Total losses, 231."

July 5-24

Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va.


Duty on line of the Rappahannock and Rapidan

September 13-17

Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan

October 9-22

Bristoe Campaign

The regiment lost 6 killed, 33 wounded and 10 missing, suffering the heavies loss of any regiment in the campaign.

October 14

Auburn and Bristoe

November 7-8

Advance to line of the Rappahannock

November 8

Brandy Station

November 26-December 2

Mine Run Campaign


Duty near Brandy Station, Va.


February 6-7

Demonstration on the Rapidan

February 6-7

Morton's Ford


Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps

May 3-June 15

Campaign from the Rapidan to the James. Of the remaining strength of less than 300 men, 100 were detailed as headuarters and provost guard.

May 5-7

Battle of the Wilderness

The regiment lost 5 killed, 62 wounded, and 9 missing.

May 8-12


May 10

Po River

May 12-21

Spottsylvania Court House

The regiment lost 6 killed, 37 wounded and 7 missing from May 10-21

May 12

Assault on the Salient, "Bloody Angle"

May 23-26

North Anna River

May 26-28

On line of the Pamunkey

May 28-31


June 1-12

Cold Harbor. Attached to Consolidated Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps

June 16-18

Before Petersburg; Siege of Petersburg begins

June 22-23

Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon Railroad

July 27-29

Demonstration north of James River

July 27-28

Deep Bottom

August 13-20

Demonstration north of James River

August 14-18

Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom

August 25

Ream's Station


Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps

December 9-10

Reconnaissance to Hatcher's Run

December 25

Consolidated into a battalion of five companies, A-E.


February 5-7

Dabney's Mills

March 25

Watkins' House

March 28-April 9

Appomattox Campaign

March 29-30

On line of Hatcher's and Gravelly Runs

March 31

White Oak Road

April 2

Sutherland Station and fall of Petersburg

April 3-9

Pursuit of Lee

April 6

Deatonville Road, Sailor's Creek

April 7

High Bridge and Farmville

April 9

Appomattox Court House. Surrender of Lee and his army.


At Burkesville

May 2-12

Moved to Washington, D.C.

May 23

Grand Review

June 3

Mustered out under Colonel Ira Smith Brown. Veterans and Recruits transferred to 4th New York Heavy Artillery.

About the Author • ©2015 Steve Hawks