The Civil War in the East

123rd New York Infantry Regiment


The 123rd New York lost 6 officers and 66 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 95 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.


It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

Monument to the 123rd New York Infantry Regiment at Gettysburg



Recruited in Washington County and organized at Salem, N.Y.

September 4

Mustered in for three years service under Colonel Archibald L. McDougall, Lt. Colonel Franklin Norton and Major James C. Rogers

September 5

Left State for Washington, D.C.


Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C. attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

September 29

At Frederick, Md., and Sandy Hook

December 10-14

Moved to support of Burnside at Fredericksburg, Va.


At Stafford Court House


January 20-24

"Mud March"


At Stafford Court House

April 27-May 6

Chancellorsville Campaign. Assigned to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

May 1-5

Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment lost Lt. Colonel Norton, 1 other officer and 31 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, Captain Norman Weer, Lieutenants Jerome Rice and Albert Shiland and 96 enlisted men wounded, and 16 enlisted men captured or missing

May 12

Lt. Colonel Norton died of his Chancellorsville wound at Washington. Major Rogers promoted to lieutenant colonel

May 17

Captain Adolphus Tanner of Company C promoted to major

June 11-July 24

Gettysburg Campaign

July 1-3

Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded at Gettysburg by Lieutenant Colonel James C. Rogers. It brought 495 men to the field, losing 3 enlisted men killed, Captain Norman Weer mortally wounded, 9 enlisted men wounded and First Lieutenant Marcus Beadle captured on reconnoissance.


From the monument:

"July 1: Marched from Littlestown; Formed line of battle on Wolf Hill; Bivouaced near Baltimore Pike

July 2: Advanced to this line and built a heavy breastwork of logs. At about 6 p.m. moved to support the left near Little Round Top; Returning in the night found works in possession of enemy, as no troops were left to occupy them.

July 3, at about 11 a.m. made a charge and recovered these works; about 4 p.m. moved to support line then repelling Pickett's Charge; a little later had a sharp skirmish in front of this line; at night repelled an attack with heavy loss to the enemy.

July 4, made reconnaissance around Wolf Hill and through Gettysburg over the Hanover Road."

July 5-24

Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va.


Duty on line of the Rappahannock

September 24-October 4

Moved to Bealeton Station, Va., thence to Stevenson, Ala., transferred to the Army of the Cumberland


Guard duty along Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad


March 16

Action near Tullahoma, Tenn.

May 1-September 8

Atlanta Campaign. Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland

May 8-11

Operations against Rocky Faced Ridge

May 14-15

Battle of Resaca

The regiment lost 4 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 5 enlisted men wounded

May 19

Near Cassville

The regiment lost 1 enlisted man wounded and 1 missing or captured

May 22-25

Advance on Dallas

May 25

New Hope Church

May 26-June 5

Battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills

The regiment lost Colonel McDougall and 4 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and Major Tanner officer and 17 enlisted men wounded

June 10-July 2

Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain

The regiment lost 1 officer and 13 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 3 officers and 34 enlisted men wounded and 17 enlisted men missing

June 11-14

Pine Hill

June 15-17

Lost Mountain

June 15

Gilgal or Golgotha Church

June 17

Muddy Creek

June 19

Noyes' Creek

June 22

Kolb's Farm

June 27

Assault on Kenesaw Mountain

July 1

Lt. Colonel Ambrose Stevens of the 46th New York Infantry transferred and promoted to colonel of the 123rd.

July 4

Ruff's Station, Smyrna Camp Ground

July 5-17

Chattahoochie River

July 19-20

Peach Tree Creek

The regiment lost 2 officers and 14 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 2 officers and 35 enlisted men wounded

July 22-August 25

Siege of Atlanta

The regiment lost 1 enlisted man killed and Captain Henry Gray and 3 enlisted men wounded

August 26-September 2

Operations at Chattahoochie River Bridge

September 2-
November 15

Occupation of Atlanta

November 15-December 10

March to the sea

December 10-21

Siege of Savannah


January to April

Campaign of the Carolinas

February 19 - 20

Colonel Stevens mustered out at the end of his three years service. Lt. Colonel Rogers promoted to colonel, Major Tanner to lieutenant colonel and Captain Henry Gray to major

March 2

Thompson's Creek, near Chesterfield Court House, S.C., and near Cheraw

March 16

Averysboro, N. C.

March 19-21

Battle of Bentonville

March 24

Occupation of Goldsboro

April 14

Occupation of Raleigh

April 26

Bennett's House. Surrender of Johnston and his army.

April 29-May 20

March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va.

May 24

Grand Review

June 8

Mustered out under Colonel Rogers, Lieutenant Colonel Tanner and Major Gray. Veterans and Recruits transferred to 60th New York Infantry

About the Author • ©2015 Steve Hawks