The Civil War in the East

121st New York Infantry Regiment


The 121st New York Infantry lost 14 officers and 212 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 officers and 117 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.


It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.




Organized at Herkimer

August 23

Mustered in 39 officers and 946 enlisted men under Colonel Richard Franchot, Lt. Colonel Charles H. Clark and Major Egbert Olcott

August 30

Left State for Washington, D.C.

September 3

Arrived in Washington


Attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

September 6-22

Maryland Campaign

September 25

Colonel Franchot resigned to resume his seat in Congress and replaced by Colonel Emory Upton


Duty at Sharpsburg, Md.

October 20

Second Lieutenant George W. Davis died of disease

October 30-
November 19

Movement to Falmouth, Va.

November 9

First Lieutenant Angus Cameron died of disease

December 12-15

Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment lost 4 enlisted men killed and 12 wounded.

December 16

At Falmouth


January 20-24

"Mud March"


At Falmouth

March 23

Lt. Colonel Clark discharged

April 27-May 6

Chancellorsville Campaign

April 10

Major Olcott promoted to lieutenant colonel

April 29-May 2

Operations at Franklin's Crossing

May 3

Battle of Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg

The regiment lost 4 officers and 92 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 2 officers and 155 enlisted men wounded, and 2 officers and 21 enlisted men captured or missing. This was 62% of the men engaged, in a fifteen to twenty monute fight.


Captain Nelson O. Wendell, First Lieutenant U. F. Doubleday and Second Lieutenant Frederick E. Ford were killed and Captain Thomas S. Arnold was mortally wounded, dying on May 18.

May 3-4

Salem Heights

May 4

Banks' Ford

June 14-July 24

Gettysburg Campaign

July 2-4

Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment lost 2 enlisted men wounded

July 5-24

Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va.


Duty on line of the Rappahannock and Rapidan

September 20

First Lieutenant A. Clark Rice died of disease

October 9-22

Bristoe Campaign

November 7-8

Advance to line of the Rappahannock

November 7

Rappahannock Station

The regiment lost 7 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 17 enlisted men wounded. It captured almost 700 prisoners and 4 Confederate battle flags.

November 26-
December 2

Mine Run Campaign


May 3-June 15

Campaign from the Rapidan to the James

May 5-7

Battle of the Wilderness

The regiment lost 21 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 1 officer and 30 enlisted men wounded, and 2 officers and 19 enlisted men missing or captured

May 8-12


May 12-21

Spottsylvania Court House

The regiment lost 5 officers and 58 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 8 officers and 84 enlisted men wounded.


Captains Charles A. Butts and John D. Fish, First Lieutenants Silas E. Pierce and Edward P. Johnson and Second Lieutenant Charles F. Pettengill were killed from May 10 -12

May 12

Assault on the Salient, "Bloody Angle"

May 23-26

North Anna River

May 26-28

On line of the Pamunkey

May 28-31


June 1-12

Cold Harbor

The regiment lost 1 enlisted man killed and 6 wounded

June 17-18

Before Petersburg

June 17 - July 9

Siege of Petersburg

June 22-23

Jerusalem Plank Road

The regiment lost 1 enlisted man killed and 8 wounded

July 4

Colonel Upton promoted to brigadier general

July 9-11

Moved to Washington, D.C.

July 11-12

Repulse of Early's attack on Fort Stevens and the Northern Defenses of Washington

The regiment lost 5 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 1 officer and 18 enlisted men wounded, and 2 enlisted men captured or missing

July 14-23

Expedition to Snicker's Gap

August 7-
November 28

Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign

August 16

Lt. Colonel Olcott promoted to colonel with rank to July 4

August 21-22

Near Charleston

The regiment lost 2 enlisted men killed and 1 officer and 4 enlisted men wounded

September 19

Battle of Winchester

The regiment lost 2 enlisted men killed and 1 officer and 12 enlisted men wounded

September 22

Fisher's Hill

The regiment lost 5 enlisted men wounded

September 23-24

Mt. Jackson

October 19

Battle of Cedar Creek

The regiment lost Captains Jonathan Burrell and John D. P. Douw, First Lieutenant William H. Tucker and 12 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 2 officers and 35 enlisted men wounded, and 5 enlisted men missing


Duty in the Shenandoah Valley

December 9-12

Moved to Petersburg, Va.

December 12

Siege of Petersburg

December 24

Captain James Oronkhite of Company E promoted to major


February 5-7

Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run

The regiment lost 4 enisted men wounded, 1 mortally


Second Lieutenant Samuel B. Kelley died of disease

March 25


The regiment lost First Lieutenant Horatio N. Duro killed and 3 enlisted men wounded at Fort Fisher

March 28-April 9

Appomattox Campaign

The regiment lost 1 officer and 24 enlisted men wounded in addition to the killed and mortally wounded men at Petersburg and Sailor's Creek

March 31

Captain Henry M. Galpin of Company A promoted to major

April 2

Assault on and fall of Petersburg

The regiment lost 1 enlisted man killed

April 6

Sailor's Creek

The regiment lost Captain Ten Eyck C. Howland, First Lieutenant John T. Morton and 6 enlisted men killed, captured two Confederate colors and several hundred prisoners

April 9

Appomattox Court House. Surrender of Lee and his army.

April 10

At Farmville and Burkesville. Lieutenant Colonel Olcott promoted to colonel

April 23-27

March to Danville

April 27

Captain John S. Kidder of Company I promoted to lieutenant colonel

May 24 - June 3

March to Richmond, then to Washington, D.C.

June 8

Corps Review

June 25

Mustered out under Colonel Olcott, Lieutenant Colonel Kidder. Veterans and Recruits transferred to 65th New York Infantry

July 4

The regiment paraded at the Little Falls, New York Fourth of July celebration bearing their seven captured Confederate colors, and were treated to a banquet by the citizens.

About the Author • ©2015 Steve Hawks