The Civil War in the East

77th New York Infantry Regiment "Bemis Heights Regiment"

The regiment lost 9 officers and 87 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 officers and 175 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg and another in Monument Square of Saratoga Springs, New York.

Monument to the 77th New York Infantry Regiment at Gettysburg



Organized at Saratoga, N.Y.

November 22

Mustered in under Colonel James B. McKean, Lieutenant Colonel Joseph C. Henderson and Major Selden Hetzel. Colonel McKean was a U.S. congressman and continued to serve until March of 1863.

November 28

Left State for Washington, D.C.


Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C. attached to 3rd Brigade, Casey's Division, Army of the Potomac



Attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

March 10

Advance on Manassas, Va.

March 22

Ordered to the Virginia Peninsula

April 5

Near Lee's Mills

April 5-May 4

Siege of Yorktown

April 16

Lee's Mills

May 5

Battle of Williamsburg


Attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

May 23-24
and June 24


June 25-July 1

Seven days before Richmond

June 27

Garnett's Farm

June 28

Garnett's and Golding's Farms

June 29

Savage Station

June 30

White Oak Swamp and Glendale

July 1

Malvern Hill


At Harrison's Landing

Captain Windsor Brown French was promoted to major and then lieutenant colonel

August 16-28

Movement to Fortress Monroe, then to Centreville

August 28-31

In works at Centreville

August 30

Assist in checking Pope's rout at Bull Run

September 1

Cover Pope's retreat to Fairfax Court House

September 6-22

Maryland Campaign

September 14

Crampton's Pass, South Mountain

September 16-17

Battle of Antietam

The regiment was commanded by Captain Nathan S. Babcock. It lost 6 men killed, 1 officer and 4 men mortally wounded, and 2 officers and 19 men wounded. Captain Babcock was promoted to major after the battle dating to August.


Duty in Maryland

October 29-November 19

Movement to Falmouth

October 30

Company K merged with Company F and a new Company K was recruited.

November 2-3


December 12-15

Battle of Fredericksburg


At Falmouth


January 20-24

"Mud March"

April 27-May 6

Chancellorsville Campaign

April 29-May 2

Operations about Franklin's Crossing

May 3

Battle of Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg

The regiment lost Captain Luther Wheeler and 11 men killed or mortally wounded, 1 officer and 40 men wounded, and 30 men missing.

May 3-4

Salem Heights

May 4

Banks' Ford

June 5-13

Deep Run Ravine

July 2-4

Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded at Gettysburg by Lieutenant Colonel Winsor B. French. It brought 424 men to the field, and had no casualties, as it was assigned as support to artillery batteries in the Union rear on Powers Hill.

July 5-24

Pursuit of Lee

July 23

Colonel McKean resigned his commission due to illness. Lieutenant Colonel French was promoted to colonel and command of the regiment.


Duty on line of the Rappahannock

October 9-22

Bristoe Campaign

November 7-8

Advance to line of the Rappahannock

November 7

Rappahannock Station

November 26-December 2

Mine Run Campaign


Duty near Brandy Station


February 6-7

Demonstration on the Rapidan

May 3-June 15

Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River

May 5-7

Battle of the Wilderness

The regiment lost 14 men killed or mortally wounded, 4 officers and 39 men woundedm and 2 officers and 7 men missing.

May 8-12


The regiment lost 3 officers and 27 men killed or mortally wounded, 5 officers and 51 men wounded, and 2 officers and 19 men missing.

May 12-21

Spottsylvania Court House

May 12

Assault on the Salient or "Bloody Angle"

May 23-26

North Anna River

May 26-28

On line of the Pamunkey

May 28-31


June 1-12

Cold Harbor

The regiment lost 5 men killed or mortally wounded and 7 men wounded.

June 17-18

Before Petersburg; Siege of Petersburg begins

June 22-23

Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon Railroad

July 9-11

Moved to Washington, D.C.

July 11-12

Repulse of Early's attack on Fort Stevens and the northern defenses of Washington

The regiment lost 6 men killed or mortally wounded, Colonel French and 12 men wounded, and 1 man missing.

August 7-
November 28

Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign

September 13

Gilbert's Ford, Opequan Creek

September 19

Battle of Winchester

The regiment lost 6 men killed or mortally wounded, 4 officers and 30 men wounded, and 2 men missing.

September 22

Fisher's Hill

The regiment lost 1 officer mortally wounded, and 1 officer and 3 men wounded.

October 19

Battle of Cedar Creek

The regiment lost 4 officers and 8 men killed or mortally wounded, 3 officers and 18 men wounded, and 3 men missing. Colonel French took over brigade command with the death of General Bidwell.


Duty in the Shenandoah Valley

Major Babcock was promoted to lieutenant colonel.

December 13

Moved to Washington, D.C. The regiment was mustered out under Colonel Winsor B. Franch. Veterans were consolidated into a battalion of five companies (A-E).

December 13-16

Moved to Petersburg, Va. and returned to Siege of Petersburg.


March 25

Fort Fisher, Petersburg

The regiment lost 2 officers and 2 men killed or mortally wounded and 7 men wounded.

March 28-April 9

Appomattox Campaign

April 2

Assault on and fall of Petersburg

April 6

Sailor's Creek

April 9

Appomattox Court House. Surrender of Lee and his army.

April 23-27

March to Danville

May 24-June 3

March to Richmond, Va., thence to Washington, D.C.

June 8

Corps Review

June 27

Mustered out under Colonel David J. Caw

About the Author • ©2015 Steve Hawks