The Civil War in the East

6th New York Cavalry Regiment "2nd Ira Harris Guard"


The 6th New York Cavalry Regiment lost 9 officers and 72 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 133 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.


It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

Monument to the 6th New York Cavalry Regiment at Gettysburg


September 12 - December 19

Organized at New York City under special authority of the War Department, as the Ira Harris Guard.

November 20

Turned over to State of New York as 6th Cavalry

September 12

Company A mustered in

September 27

Company B mustered in

September 28

Company D mustered in

September 29

Company C mustered in

October 3

Company E mustered in

October 24

Companies F and G mustered in

October 28

Company H mustered in

November 2

Company I mustered in

November 6

Company L mustered in

December 19

Companies K and M mustered in

December 23

Left State for York, Pa. and duty there



Ordered to Washington, D.C.


Duty in the Defenses of Washington (8 Companies) attached to Military District of Washington, D.C.

Companies D and K served detached with 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac to July, 1863

Companies F and H served detached with 4th Army Corps to August, 1863, and in the Defenses of Washington, D.C., 22nd Army Corps, to October, 1863

April 5-May 4

Siege of Yorktown, Va. (Companies D and K)

May 5

Battle of Williamsburg (Companies D and K)

May 31-June 1

Seven Pines or Fair Oaks (Company K)

June 24-July 1

Seven days before Richmond (Companies D, F, H and K)

June 29

Peach Orchard and Savage Station (Companies D, F, H and K)

June 30

Glendale (Companies D, F, H and K)

July 1

Malvern Hill (Companies D, F, H and K)

July 23-26

Regiment moved to Warrenton, Va.

July and August

Scout and outpost duty on the Rapidan and Rappahannock Rivers at Barnett's Ford, Va.


Attached to 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

August 14

Orange Court House

August 19

Culpeper Road

August 26

Barnett's Ford

August 30

Kelly's Ford


Company A detached with 6th Army Corps

September 9


September 9-10

Near Hyattstown

September 12

Frederick City

September 14

South Mountain

September 16-17


October 3


October 16-17

Reconnaissance to Smithville, W. Va.

October 16


October 16-17


October 21

Near Lovettsville, Near Wheatland

October 22


November 2-3

Union and Bloomfield

November 3

Ashby's Gap, Upperville

November 7

Waterloo Bridge

December 1

Ellis Ford

December 12-15


December 11-15

Reconnaissance from Yorktown (Detachment)

December 12

Matthews County Court House

December 13

Buena Vista

December 14

Wood's Cross Roads


Attached to 2nd Brigade, Pleasonton's Cavalry Division, Army of the Potomac


January - February

Companies B & C with 9th Army Corps

January 7-9

Expedition from Yorktown to West Point and White House (Detachment)

January 8

Pamunkey River


Attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac

April 7

Expedition to Gloucester Court House (Detachment)

April 11

Fort Magruder (Detachment)

April 27-May 6

Chancellorsville Campaign

April 29

Germanis and Richard's Fords, Crook's Run

April 30

Spottsylvania Court House

May 1-5

Battle of Chancellorsville

May 7

West Point (Detachment)

June 5

Warwick River

June 9

Brandy Station and Beverly Ford

June 21


June 22


June 24-25


June 24-July 7

Dix's Peninsula Campaign (3rd Battalion)

July 1-3

Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded at Gettysburg by Major William Elliott Beardsley while Colonel Thomas Devin commanded the brigade. It brought 407 men to the field, picketing the west side of Gettysburg on June 30 and holding back Confederate infantry until relieved by the Union First Army Corps on July 1st. It then shifted east to cover the York Road, eventually retiring to south of town near the Peach Orchard on Emmitsburg Road.


Company A was assigned to 3rd Corps HQ, Companies D & K to 2nd Corps HQ, Company L to the 1st Cavalry Division, 2nd Brigade, Provost Guard, and Companies F & H were at Yorktown, Virginia.


The regiment lost one killed, three wounded and eight missing.


From the monument:

"Regiment at Gettysburg. Arrived June 30, 1863. July 1st skirmished dismounted, on this line until arrival of 1st Corps and the rest of the day on right of the York Road, then retired to Cemetery Hill, one squadron being among the last Union troops in Gettysburg on that day. Bivouacked in Peach Orchard that night, and engaged enemy's skirmishers on the morning of July 2 until relieved by troops of the 3rd Corps.Then moved to Taneytown and on the third to Westminster, from which place moved with the Division (Buford's) in pursuit of the enemy, met and engaged them July 8th at Boonsboro, Md., holding that position."

Ju'ly 1-7

Expedition from White House to Bottom's Bridge (3rd Battalion - Companies F & H)

July 2

Crump's or Baltimore Cross Roads (3rd Battalion)

July 6


July 8


July 9

Benevola or Beaver Creek, Md.

July 10-13


July 14

Falling Waters

July - August

Company A with 22nd Army Corps

July 21-22

Manassas Gap

July 23

Wapping Heights

July 25

Barber's Cross Roads

July 31-August 1

Kelly's Ford

August 1-3

Brandy Station

September 13-17

Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan

September 13

Culpeper Court House

September 14-15

Raccoon Ford

September 19

Raccoon Ford

September 21-23

Reconnaissance across the Rapidan

September 22

Jack's Shop, Madison Court House

October 9-22

Bristoe Campaign

October 10

Raccoon and Morton's Fords

October 11

Kelly's Ford and Stevensburg

October 12

Brandy Station or Fleetwood

October 14

Near Bristoe Station

October 15

Oak Hill

October 17-18


October 24-26


November 7-8

Advance to line of the Rappahannock

November 8

Muddy Run

November 26-December 2

Mine Run Campaign

November 29

Parker's Store


February 6-7

Demonstration on the Rapidan, Barnett's Ford

February 28-
March 4

Kilpatrick's Raid on Richmond

February 29

Near Taylorstown, Beaver Dam Station, Frederick's Hall and South Anna Bridge

March 1

Defenses of Richmond

March 2


March 3

Kings and Queens Court House

March 11

Carrollton's Store


Rapidan Campaign

May 5-7


May 6

Brock Road and the Furnaces

May 7-8

Todd's Tavern

May 8


May 9-24

Sheridan's Raid to James River

May 9-10

North Anna

May 11

Ground Squirrel Church and Yellow Tavern

May 12

Fortifications of Richmond and Meadow Bridge

May 17

Jones' Bridge

May 26-28

On line of the Pamunkey

May 27

Crump's Creek and Hanovertown

May 28-31


May 28

Haw's Shop

May 30

Old Church and Mattadequin Creek

May 31-June 6

Cold Harbor

May 31-June 1

Bethesda Church

June 7-24

Sheridan's Trevillian Raid

June 11-12

Trevillian Station

June 12

Newark or Mallory's Cross Roads

June 21

White House or St. Peter's Church

June 21

Black Creek or Tunstall's Station

June 23

Jones' Bridge, Charles City Court House

June 26-July 30

Before Petersburg

July 27-28

Deep Bottom

August 7-
November 28

Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign. Attached to Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division.

August 10 and 13


August 11

Tell Gate near White Post and Newtown, Front Royal

August 12

Cedar Creek

August 16

Cedarville, Guard Hill or Front Royal and Crooked Run

August 21


August 25

Kearneyville and near Shephardstown

August 28

Leetown and Smithfield

August 29

Smithfield Crossing Opequan

September 3


September 13

Bunker Hill

September 15

Sevier's Ford, Opequan Creek

September 19

Battle of Winchester

September 20

Middletown and Strasburg

September 21

Fisher's Hill

September 23

Near Edenburg

September 23-24

Mr. Jackson

September 24

New Market

September 26-27

Port Republic

September 29


October 2

Mt. Crawford

October 8-9

Tom's Brook, "Woodstock Races"

October 14

Hupp's Hill near Strasburg

October 19

Battle of Cedar Creek

October 20


November 11

Near Kernstown

November 12


November 22

Hood's Hill

November 28-December 3

Expedition from Winchester into Faquier and Loudoun Counties

December 19-28

Expedition to Gordonsville

December 23

Jack's Shop near Gordonsville


January 18


February 27-
March 25

Sheridan's Raid from Winchester

March 2

Waynesboro, Occupation of Staunton

March 3


March 11

Goochland Court House

March 28-April 9

Appomattox Campaign

March 30-31

Dinwiddie Court House

April 1

Five Forks

April 2

Fall of Petersburg, Scott's Cross Roads

April 3

Deep Creek

April 4

Tabernacle Church or Beaver Pond Creek

April 6

Sailor's Creek

April 8

Appomattox Station

April 9

Appomattox Court House. Surrender of Lee and his army.

April 23-29

Expedition to Danville


Moved to Washington, D.C.

May 23

Grand Review

June 17

Consolidated with 15th New York Cavalry to form 2nd Regiment Provisional Cavalry.

August 9

Mustered out at Louisville, Ky.

About the Author • ©2015 Steve Hawks