The Civil War in the East

61st New York Infantry Regiment
"Astor Regiment" "1st Regiment Clinton Guard"


The 61st New York Infantry Regiment lost 16 officers and 177 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 officers and 121 enlisted men to disease, a total of 316. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

Monument to the 61st New York Infantry at Gettysburg

Thumbnail photograph of the officers of the 61st New York Infantry Regiment at Falmouth, Virginia See a photograph of the officers of the 61st New York at Falmouth, Virginia


October 25

Organized at New York City

November 9

Left State for Washington, D.C. under Colonel Spencer W. Cone, Lieutenant Colonel Francis C. Barlow and Major William C. Massett


Duty at Bladensburg, Defenses of Washington, D.C. Attached to Howard's Brigade, Sumner's Division, Army of the Potomac

November 3-11

Expedition to Lower Maryland

November 28

At Camp California, near Alexandria, Va.



Lieutenant Colonel Barlow leads a revolt among the officers of the regiment to have Colonel Cone and Major Massett removed for incompetence.

March 10

Advance on Manassas, Va. attached to Howard's 1st Brigade, Richardson's 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

March 20

Reconnaissance to Gainesville

March 28-31

Operations on Orange & Alexandria Railroad

April 14

Colonel Cone discharged

April 16-May 4

Ordered to the Peninsula, Va. Siege of Yorktown

Lieutenant Colonel Barlow promoted to colonel, Major Massett to lieutenant colonel and Captain Arthur L. Brooks of Company G to major

May 12

Major Brooks died of disease at Yorktown

May 14

Captain Zachary Lawrence of Company A promoted to major

May 31-June 1

Battle of Seven Pines or Fair Oaks

Lieutenant Colonel William Masset, Captains Theodore Russell and Joseph Trenor, Lieutenants Henry Coultis, John McDonald, William McIntyre and 42 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded, Captain Walter H. Maze, Lieutenants Peter Bain, Cornelius Bergen, Charles Howard and 56 enlisted men were wounded, and four enlisted men were missing out of 432 men engaged.


Nelson Miles was appointed lieutenant colonel effective May 31.

June 25-July 1

Seven days before Richmond

In addition to the officers listed below, from June 25 until July 1 the regiment lost 28 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 2 officers and 71 enlisted men wounded, and 11 enlisted men missing

June 29

Battles of Peach Orchard, Allen's Farm and Savage Station

June 30

White Oak Swamp and Glendale

Captains Manton Angell and Dennis Moore and Lieutenants Lucien Cadwell and David Gregory were wounded, Captain Moore also captured

July 1

Malvern Hill


At Harrison's Landing. Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, to July of 1865

August 7

Major Lawrence discharged

August 16-30

Movement to Fortress Monroe, then to Alexandria and Centreville

August 31-
September 2

Cover Pope's retreat to Washington

September 6-22

Maryland Campaign

September 16-17

Battle of Antietam

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Barlow in its attack flanking the Sunken Road, capturing over 300 Confederates. While repelling the Confederate counterattack, Colonel Barlow was wounded in the groin by artillery case shot, and Lieutenant Colonel Miles took command of the regiment.


Second Lieutenant Theodore W. Greig of Company C earned the Medal of Honor for capturing the battle flag of the 44th Alabama Infantry, despite being shot in the neck.


Captain Manton Angell and 11 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded and Colonel Barlow and 27 enlisted men were wounded

September 22 to October 29

Duty at Harper's Ferry. Company I consolidated with another company and was replaced with a new company of recruits from Albany.

September 30

Colonel Barlow promoted to Brigadier General, Lieutenant Colonel Nelson Miles promoted to colonel, and Captain Oscar N. Broady of Company C promoted to lieutenant colonel

October 16-17

Reconnaissance to Charlestown

October 29-
November 17

Advance up Loudoun Valley and movement to Falmouth

November 17

Captain William Spencer promoted to major, with rank from August 7

Manassas Gap

The regiment lost 2 enlisted men missing

December 12-15

Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment lost 13 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and Lt. Colonel Nelson Miles and 22 enisted men were wounded in the assault on Marye's Heights.

December 21

Major Spencer discharged for disability



Duty at Falmouth

January 20-24

"Mud March"

February 18

First Lieutenant George W. Scott of Company D promoted to major

April 27-May 6

Chancellorsville Campaign

May 1-5

Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment lost 1 officer killed, Colonel Miles wounded in the neck and abdomen (at first thought to be fatal) and 15 enlisted men wounded, and 1 officer and enlisted men missing. Miles was awarded the Medal of honor for his actions in the battle.

June 11-July 24

Gettysburg Campaign


July 1-4

Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Oscar Knut Broady. It brought 148 men to the field and lost Lieutenant Franklin Garland and 13 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and Captain Willard Keech, Lieutenants Charles Fuller, James Owens and 43 enlisted men wounded in fighting in the Wheatfield.

July 5-24

Pursuit of Lee to Manassas, Va.


Duty on line of the Rappahannock

September 13-17

Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan

October 9-22

Bristoe Campaign

The regiment lost 1 enlisted man killed.

October 14

Auburn and Bristoe

November 7-8

Advance to line of the Rappahannock

November 26-December 2

Mine Run Campaign


Duty at Stevensburg


February 6-7

Demonstration on the Rapidan

May 3-June 15

Campaign from the Rapidan to the James

May 5-7

Battle of the Wilderness

May 8

Corbin's Bridge

Captain Thomas Morrison, Lieutenants William Collines and John Hicks, and 10 enisted men were killed or mortally wounded, Lieutenant Thomas Welch and 22 enlisted men wounded, and 1 enlisted man missing

May 8-12


May 12

Major Scott promoted to lieutenant colonel

May 10

Po River

The regiment lost 4 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and wounded

May 12-21

Spottsylvania Court House

May 12

Assault on the Salient or "Bloody Angle"

The regiment lost 16 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and Lieutenaant Robert Solomon and 33 enlisted men wounded

May 23-26

North Anna River

May 26-28

On line of the Pamunkey

May 28-31


The regiment lost 2 enlisted men wounded

June 1-12

Cold Harbor

The regiment lost Lieutenants James Owens, Joel Perrington and Isaac Plumb and 8 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 10 enlisted men wounded and 2 enlisted men missing

June 9

Colonel Miles promoted to brigadier general. Lt. Colonel Broady promoted to colonel but never mustered

June 16-18

Before Petersburg; Siege of Petersburg begins

June 22-23

Jerusalem Plank Road

The regiment lost 10 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 1 officer and 23 enlisted men wounded and 7 missing

July 27-29

Demonstration on north side of the James

July 27-29

Deep Bottom

the regiment lost 1 enlisted man wounded and 1 missing

August 13-20

Demonstration north of the James

August 14-18

Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom

The regiment lost 2 enlisted men killed, 5 wounded and 7 missing

August 25

Ream's Station

The regiment lost 3 enlisted men killed, 11 wounded, and 25 missing or captured

October 29

Colonel Broady mustered out. Major Scott promoted to lieutenant colonel.

November 10

Lt. Colonel Scott promoted to colonel

December 9-10

Reconnaissance to Hatcher's Run

The regiment lost 1 man wounded

December 9

Hatcher's Run

December 20

Veterans and recruits from the 57th New York transferred into regiment.


February 5-7

Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run

March 13

Captain George Schaffer of the 91st New York Infantry transferred in and promoted to major

March 25

Watkins' House

The regiment lost 6 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 17 wounded, and 2 missing

March 28-April 9

Appomattox Campaign

During the campaign t he regiment lost Lieutenant William Malcom and 10 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, Lieutenant James Smith and 36 enlisted men wounded, and 4 enlisted men captured or missing

March 29-30

On line of Hatcher's and Gravelly Runs

March 31

Hatcher's Run or Boydton Road and White Oak Road

April 2

Sutherland Station and Fall of Petersburg

April 6

Sailor's Creek

Lieutenant William Malcom killed

April 7

High Bridge and Farmville

Lieutenant James Smith wounded

April 9

Appomattox Court House. Surrender of Lee and his army.


At Burkesville

May 2-12

March to Washington, D.C.

May 23

Grand Review

July 14

Mustered out under Colonel George W. Scott and Major Schaffer

About the Author • ©2015 Steve Hawks