The Civil War in the East

56th New York Infantry Regiment "10th Legion"

The 56th Regiment lost 1 officer and 63 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 officers and 213 enlisted men to disease.




Organized at Newburg, N.Y. The regiment was originally organized with eleven companies. Two companies of cavalry and two batteries of artillery were also recruited, the whole beng known as the 10th Legion. The batteries became the 7th and 8th Independent Batteries and the cavalry became part of the 1st Mounted Rifles.

October 28

Mustered in under Colonel Charles H. Van Wyck, Lieutenant Colonel James Jourdan and Maor Jacob Sharpe

November 7

Left State for Washington, D.C.


Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C. attached to 1st Brigade, Casey's Division, Army of the Potomac



Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

March 10-15

Advance on Manassas, Va

March 28

Moved to Newport News, Va.

April 5-May 4

Siege of Yorktown

May 5

Battle of Williamsburg

May 20-23

Operations about Bottom's Bridge

May 31-June 1

Battle of Seven Pines (or Fair Oaks)

Captain William Williams and 26 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded, 4 officers and 35 enlisted men wounded, and 5 men captured


Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps

June 25-July 1

Seven days before Richmond

June 27

Battle of Gaines Mill

June 28-29

Bottom's Bridge

June 30

White Oak Swamp

July 1

Malvern Hill


At Harrison's Landing

August 5

Major Sharpe discharged

August 6-7

Lieytenant Colonel Jourdan discharged. Captain Frederick Decker of Company C promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain John Wheeler of Company D to major

August 16-22

Moved to Fortress Monroe, Va. then to Yorktown, Va.


Duty at Yorktown and at Gloucester Point

September 16

Action at Lee's Mills

November 23

Lieutenant Colonel Decker discharged, Captain Rockwell Tyler of Company L promoted to major

December 11-15

Reconnaissance to Gloucester and Matthews Counties attached to Naglee's Brigade, Dept. of North Carolina


December 26-January 1

Moved to Morehead City, N. C. attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 18th Army Corps, Dept. of North Carolina

January 28-31

To Port Royal, S.C. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 18th Army Corps, Dept. of the South


At St. Helena Island, S.C.

March 27-July 6

At Seabrook Island


Attached to Stephenson's Brigade, Seabrook Island, S. C., 10th Army Corps, Dept. of the South

July 9-16

Expedition to James Island attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Morris Island, S.C.,10th Army Corps

July 16

Grimball's Landing, Secessionville


Siege of Fort Wagner, Morris Island, S.C., and operations against Fort Sumter and Charleston attached to Davis' Brigade, Folly Island, S.C., 10th Army Corps


Duty in District of Beaufort, S.C.attached to Saxton's Division, District of Beaufort, S.C., 10th Army Corps


February 18

Captain Eliphas Smith of Company I promoted to major


Attached to District of Beaufort, S.C., Dept. of the South

May 18

Maor Tyler promoted to lieutenant colonel

June 30-July 10

Expedition to James Island, S.C.

July 4

James Island

July 9

John's Island


Duty on Morris and Folly Islands, S.C.

November 28-30

Hatch's Expedition up Broad River attached to 1st Brigade, Coast Division, Dept. of the South

November 30

Battle of Honey Hill

The regiment lost 12 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 1 officer and 33 enlisted men wounded, and 4 men captured or missing

December 5

Boydt's Point

The regiment lost 3 officers and 18 enlisted men wounded

December 6-9

Demonstration on Charleston and Savannah Railroad


December 6

Deveaux's Neck

The regiment lost 17 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, and 4 officers and 33 enlisted men wounded

December 9


The regiment lost 4 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 20 enlisted men wounded


January 18 -
March 25

Ordered to Morris Island; Attached to 1st Separate Brigade, Morris Island, S.C., Dept. of the South


Attached to 4th Separate Brigade, Dept. of the South

April 5-25

Potter's Expedition to Camden, S.C.

April 9

Dingle's Mills

The regiment lost 4 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, and 17 enlisted men wounded

April 15


April 17

Occupation of Camden

April 18

Boykin's Mills

April 19

Denkin's Mills and Beech Creek, near Statesburg


Duty in Northern and Western Districts of South Carolina


Attached to 2nd Sub-District, District of Western South Carolina

September 29

Lieutenant Colonel Tyler promoted to colonel, Major Smith promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain James Dubois of Company F promoted to major but none are mustered

October 17

Mustered out at Charleston under Colonel Van Wyck, Lieutenant Colonel Tyler and Major Smith

About the Author • ©2015 Steve Hawks