The Civil War in the East

4th New York Independent Battery

 

The Fourth Independent Battery lost 5 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded, and 1 officer and 11 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.

 

It was honored by a monument at Gettysburg, although that monument and the memories of these men have been dishonored by vandals who destroyed the statue in 2006.

Monument to the 4th New York Independent Battery on the Civil war battlefield of Gettysburg

1861

 

Organized at New York as Company L, Artillery Company, Serrell's New York Engineer Regiment

October 25

Mustered in at Staten Island, N.Y.

October 25

Left State for Washington, D.C. Designated Battery C and later Battery D, New York Light Artillery

November

Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D. C.

December 7

Designated 4th New York Battery

1862

January

Attached to Hooker's Division, Army of the Potomac

March

Ordered to the Peninsula, Va. and attached to Artillery, 2nd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

April 5-May 4

Siege of Yorktown

May

Attached to Artillery Brigade, 3rd Army Corps

May 5

Battle of Williamsburg

May 31-June 1

Battle of Seven Pines or Fair Oaks

June 25-July 1

Seven days before Richmond

June 25

Battle of Oak Grove near Seven Pines

June 29

Peach Orchard and Savage Station

June 30

White Oak Swamp and Glendale

July 1

Malvern Hill

July

At Harrison's Landing

August 16-26

Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Centreville

August 26-September 2

Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia

August 27

Bristoe Station

August 29

Battle of Groveton

August 30

Bull Run

September

Duty in the Defenses of Washington at Fairfax Station, Va.

November 10-12

Operations on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad

December

Rappahannock Campaign

December 12-15

Battle of Fredericksburg, Va

1863

January 20-24

"Mud March"

February 5-7

Operations at Rappahannock Bridge and Grove Church

February-April

At Falmouth

April 27-May 6

Chancellorsville Campaign

May 1-5

Battle of Chancellorsville

June 3-August 1

Gettysburg Campaign

July 1-3

Battle of Gettysburg

The battery brought 135 men to the field serving six 10-pounder Parrott Rifles under Captain James E. Smith.

 

From the monument to the battery at the Devils Den:

"July 2, 1863 2 to 5 p.m.
At the time of the assault by Hood's Division of the Confederate army this battery supported by the Fourth Maine Infantry, formed the extreme left of the Third Corps line. Three guns of the two sections in action on this crest were captured by the Confederates. The third section was in position to the right and continued the action until nearly 6 p.m.
Casualties 2 killed - 10 wounded 1 captured"

 

From the nearby marker:

"Fourth New York Independent Battery
Six 10 Pounder Parrots, Capt. James E. Smilth Commanding
July 2 Arrived from Emmitsburg at 9 a.m. Four guns posted on the height above Devil's Den at 2 p.m. Two guns in this position. after the capture of three of the guns in the advanced position and the repulse of their supports this action openened fire with great effect on the Confederetae forces advancing up the valley. At 6 p.m. this section was moved to the right near Winslow's Battery and subsequently to the rear.


July 3 Not engaged.


Killed 2 men wounded 10 men missing 1 man
11 horses killed 240 rounds of ammunition expended"

July

Attached to 1st Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac

August

On line of the Rappahannock and Rapidan

October 9-22

Bristoe Campaign

November 7-8

Advance to line of the Rappahannock

November 26-December 2

Mine Run Campaign

December 4

Battery broken up under Special Orders No. 538. Men transferred to 1st New York Engineers, 5th and 15th New York Independent Batteries