The Civil War in the East

42nd New York Infantry Regiment "Tammany Regiment"

 

The 42nd New York Infantry Regiment lost 11 officers and 141 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 officer and 103 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.

 

It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg near the Copse of Trees.

Thunbnail of the monument to the 42nd New York Infantry Regiment at Gettysburg

1861

 

Organized at Great Neck, Long Island by the Tammany Society and the Union Defense Committee of New York City

June 22

Eight companies mustered in under Colonel William D. Kennedy, Lieutenant Colonel Michael Doheny

June 28

Companies H and K mustered in

July 5

Lt. Colonel Doheny discharged, and Milton Cogswell mustered in as lieutenant colonel

July 18

Left State for Washington, D.C.

July 22

Colonel Kennedy died at Washington. Captain James J. Mooney of Company A promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Peter Bowe of Company B promoted to major

July

Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D. C.

August

Attached to Stone's Brigade, Division of the Potomac

October

Duty on the Upper Potomac attached to Gorman's Brigade, Stone's Division, Army of the Potomac

October 21-24

Operations on the Upper Potomac

October 21

Action at Ball's Bluff

Five companies of the 42nd participated in the battle, commanded by Colonel Milton Cogswell, the only West Point-trained officer among the senior Union commanders at Ball’s Bluff. Captains Henry Alden of Company H and Michael Garretty of Company K, First Lieutenant James Gillis of Company E and 24 enlisted men were killed, 6 enlisted men wounded, and 6 officers and 95 enlisted men captured or missing, including Colonel Cogswell, who was lightly wounded and captured.

1862

January

Attached to Burns' Brigade, Sedgwick's Division, Army of the Potomac

January 7

Edmund C. Charles mustered in as colonel

Febryary 19

Captain George N. Bomford of Company B promoted to lieutenant colonel

March 7-13

Moved to Harper's Ferry, W. Va., then to Charlestown and Berryville, Va.

March 13-15

Movement toward Winchester and return to Bolivar Heights

March 22-April 1

Moved to Fortress Monroe attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

April 5-May 4

Siege of Yorktown

April 22

Drummer William Walsh killed at Yorktown

May 31-June 1

Battle of Seven Pines or Fair Oaks

The regiment lost 1 enlisted man wounded

June 14

Tunstall Station

The regiment lost 9 enlisted men captured or missing

June 25-July 1

Seven days before Richmond

June 29

Battles of Peach Orchard and Savage Station

June 30

Glendale

The regiment lost 10 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 2 officers and 24 enlisted men wounded, and 2 officers and 19 enlisted men missing or captured

July 1

Malvern Hill

July-August

At Harrison's Landing

August 2

Lieutenant Colonel James Mooney and Major Peter Bowe discharged. Captain and Adjutant George Bomford prooted to lieutenant colonel and Lieutenant James E. Mallon of the 40th New York Infantry transferred in and promoted to major

August 16-28

Movement to Alexandria

August 28-31

March to Fairfax Court House

August 31-
September 2

Cover retreat of Pope's army to Washington

September 6-22

Maryland Campaign

September 16-17

Battle of Antietam

Commanded by Lt. Colonel George Bomford, the regiment lost Lieutenants Samuel Dexter and Charles McPherson and 54 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, Lieutenants Thomas Abbott, Septimus Cobb, Henry Van Voost, 5 other officers and 105 enlisted men wounded, and 1 officer and 12 enlisted men captured or missing

September 21

Colonel Cogswell exchanged and released from captivity, transferred to 2nd Artillery

September 22

Moved to Harper's Ferry, W. Va.

October 16-17

Reconnaissance to Charlestown

October 30-
November 17

Advance up Loudoun Valley and movement to Falmouth, Va.

December 12-15

Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment lost 2 officers and 17 enlisted men wounded and 3 enlisted men captured or missing

1863

January 20-24

"Mud March"

February-April

At Falmouth

March 16 - 17

Colonel Charles and Lieutenant Colonel Bomford discharged. Major Mallon prooted to colonel and Captain Patrick J. Downing of Company E promoted to major.

April 27-May 6

Chancellorsville Campaign

May 1

Captain William A. Lynch of Company K promoted to lieutenant colonel

May 3

Battle of Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg

May 3-4

Salem Heights

The reiment lost 9 enlisted men wounded, one mortally

May 4

Banks' Ford

May 16

Lt. Colonel Boford discharged

June 11-July 24

Gettysburg Campaign

July 1-4

Battle of Gettysburg

Commanded by Colonel James E. Mallon, the regiment brought 197 men to the field.

 

From the monument: July 2, 1863. Went to support of 3rd. Corps about 5 p.m. Held this position July 3rd, and assisted in repulsing the assault of Pickett's Division. Casualties; Killed 15, wounded 55, missing 4.

 

Captain Willia O'Shea and Lieutenants James Casey, Morris Fitzharris, Patrick Lennon and Thomas Mallon were wounded

July 5-24

Pursuit of Lee

August-October

Duty on line of the Rappahannock

September 13-17

Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan

October 9-22

Bristoe Campaign

October 14

Bristoe Station

The regiment lost Colonel Mallon and 3 enlisted men killed, 1 officer and 13 enlisted men wounded, and 10 enlisted men missing or captured

November 7-8

Advance to line of the Rappahannock

November 18

Lt. Colonel Lynch promoted to colonel but not mustered due to size of regiment

November 26-December 2

Mine Run Campaign

December 10

Captain Robet C. Wright of Company G promoted to lieutenant colonel with rank to October 14 but not mustered

1864

February 6-7

Demonstration on the Rapidan

February

At Stevensburg

March

Assigned to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps

May 3-June 15

Campaign from the Rapidan to the James

May 5-7

Battle of the Wilderness

The regiment lost 7 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 2 officers and 4 enlisted men wounded, and 1 officer and 11 enlisted men missing or captured

May 8

Laurel Hill

May 8-12

Spottsylvania

The regiment lost Captains John Coffey, Patrick Lennon, William O'Shea, Joseph Tobin and 14 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, Captain Robert Wright, Lieutenant Francis Reynlds and 25 enlisted men wounded, and 9 enlisted men missing or captured

May 10

Po River

May 12-21

Spottsylvania Court House

May 12

Assault on the Salient or "Bloody Angle"

May 28-26

North Anna River

May 26-28

On line of the Pamunkey

May 28-31

Totopotomoy

Lieutenant George B. Ruddly was killed on picket

June 1-12

Cold Harbor

The regiment lost 5 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, Lieutenant Colonel Lynch, another officer, and 16 enlisted men wounded, and 2 enlisted men missing or captured

June 16-18

Before Petersburg

The regiment lost 3 enlisted men wounded

June 22-23

Jerusalem Plank Road

The regiment lost 4 enlisted men mortlally wounded, 7 enlisted men wounded, and 2 officers and 91 enlisted men missing or captured

July 13

Mustered out under Lt. Colonel Lynch and Major Downing. Veterans and Recruits transferred to 82nd Regiment New York Infantry.




 
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