The Civil War in the East

38th New York Infantry Regiment "2nd Regiment Scott Life Guard"

The 38th New York Infantry Regiment lost 3 officers and 72 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 3 officers and 39 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.



April - June

Organized at New York City

June 3

Mustered in under Colonel J. H. H. Ward, Lt. Colonel Addison Farnsworth and Major James Potter

June 19

Left State for Washington, D.C. by rail via Harrisburg and Baltimore

June 21

Reached Washington and camped on Meridian Hill. Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D. C.

July 4

In Review of the Army by President Lincoln and General Scott

July 7

Exchanged arms at Washington arsenal and marched across the Potomac to Alexandria. Attached to Wilcox's Brigade, Heintzelman's Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia

July 16-21

Advance on Manassas, Va.

July 17

Advanced to Fairfax Station

July 19

Camped at Centerville

July 21

Battle of Bull Run

The regiment lost 19 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, Captains Robert Allason and Eugene McGrath, Lt. John Hyde, and 47 enlisted men wounded, Major Potter, Captain Hugh McQuade and Lieutenant Thomas Hamblin wounded and captured, and 54 enlisted men captured


Duty in the Defenses of Washington constructing Fort Ward, D.C. attached to Howard's Brigade, Division of the Potomac

August 18

Four enlisted men captured on picket duty at Munson's Hill


Ninety-seven men of the Fourth Maine who had refused duty with that regiment were transferred to the 38th. The camp was moved to the old Fairfax Road, where work was done on Fort Lyon


Attached to Sedgwick's Brigade, Heintzelman's Division, Army of the Potomac

December 26

Captain Hugh McQuaide of Company F died in Richmond while a prisoner

December 27

Lieutenant Colonel Addison Farnsworth promoted to colonel of the 79th New York Infantry


January 11

Captain William Baird of Company H promoted to major

January 18

James C. Strong mustered in as lieutenant colonel at Alexandria, Virginia


Attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

March 10-15

Advance on Manassas, Va.

March 17

Ordered to the Peninsula, Va. Marched to Alexandria and embarked

March 20

Arrived Fortress Monroe

MArch 21

To Big Bethel

April to August

Peninsula Campaign

April 5-May 4

Siege of Yorktown

5 enlisted men was killed or wounded. The regiment was on picket, and was the first to march into the enemy camp and raise the flag

May 5

Battle of Williamsburg

The regiment lost Captains Calvin DeWitt and Samuel Dwyer and 17 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, Lt. Colonel Strong, Captains George Dennett, Augustus Funk and Robert Watson, Lieutenants Edward Miller and Walter Scott, and 58 enlisted men wounded, and 5 enlisted men captured or missing

May 12

Marched to Fair Oaks

May 31-June 1

Battle of Seven Pines or Fair Oaks

The regiment lost 2 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, Lieutenant Fergus Walker and 12 enlisted men wounded, and 3 enlisted men captured or missing

June 25-July 1

Seven days before Richmond

The regiment lost 4 enlisted men wounded and 33 missing or captured

June 25

Battles of Oak Grove near Seven Pines

June 26

The Orchards

3 enlisted men became casualties

June 27

Marched on reconnoissance within five miles of Richmond, the nearest any infantry unit came during the campaign.

June 30

White Oak Swamp and Glendale

The regiment lost 10 enlisted men casualties

July 1

Malvern Hill

The regiment lost 10 enlisted men casualties


At Harrison's Landing attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps

August 16-26

Movement to Fortress Monroe, then to Centreville

August 27-September 2

Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia

August 28

Blackburn's Ford

The regiment lost Lieutenants Samuel Johnston and Jeffery Pendergrass captured, and six enlisted men casualties

August 29

Battles of Groveton

August 30

Bull Run

Lieutenant Henry Pratt wounded

September 1


The regiment lost Captain Oliver Tilden and 6 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 2 officers and 26 enlisted men wounded and 2 officers and 2 enlisted men captured or missing


Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C.

September 30

Major Potter exchanged from Confederate prison

October 10

Colonel Ward promoted to brigadier general

October - November

Movement to Falmouth, Va.

November 16 - 17

Lt. Colonel Strong promoted to colonel and Captain Augustus Funk of Company H to major, both with rank from October 10

December 12-15

Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment lost Lieutenant John Campbell and 23 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, Captain John Brady, Lieutenants Gustavus Bothner, Benjamin French, Edwin Slater, 5 other officers and 68 enlisted men wounded, and 32 enlisted men missing or captured


January 20-24

"Mud March"

January 26

Captain Robert Allason of Company C promoted to lieutenant colonel


At Falmouth

April 27-May 6

Chancellorsville Campaign

May 1-5

Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment lost 3 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 15 wounded, and Lieutenant Michael Moran and 18 enlisted men captured or missing

June 3

Three years men transferred to 40th Regiment New York Infantry. Marched to Aquia Creek.

June 4

Embareked for Washington, then landed and transferred to train for New York via Baltimore and Philadelphia

June 6

Arrived New York City

June 22

279 men mustered out, expiration of term under Colonel Strong, Lt. Colonel Allason and Major Funk

About the Author • ©2015 Steve Hawks