The Civil War in the East

1st New York Cavalry Regiment "Lincoln Cavalry"

The 1st New York Cavalry Regiment lost 5 officers and 43 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 119 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.

 

1861

July 16 -
August 31

Organized at New York City by Carl Schurz. Nine companies were recruited in New York City, 4 of these being composed of Germans, Hungarians and Poles. Company C was recruited at Philadelphia, Company F at Syracuse, and Company K at Grand Rapids, Michigan.

July 31-
September 7

Left State by Detachments for Washington, D.C. under Colonel Andrew T. McReynolds, Lieutenant Colonel Frederick Von Schickfuss and Majors Charles Ogle, Alonzo Adams and August Haurand.

August-March

Duty In the Defenses of Washington, D.C. attached to Defenses of Washington and Alexandria

August 7

Company C, under Captain William Boyd, crossed the Potomac to Alexandria, the first volunteer cavalry to take the field.

August 18

Scout to Accotink. Company C under Captain William Boyd: Skirmish at Pohick Church. Private Jacob Erwin was killed, the first Union volunteer cavalryman to die in the war.

September 3

The Grand Rapids Company (Company K) joined the regiment in Washington

September 10

Cpmpany M arrived from New York, completing the organization of the regiment's 12 companies.

October 4

Attached to Franklin's and Heintzelman's Divisions, Army of the Potomac

October 10

Moved aross the Potomac and into camp near Ball's Cross Roads

November 12

Companies B, C and G: Reconnaissance to Pohick Church and Accotink River. Company G: Opequan

November 27

Fairfax Court House (Companies C and F)

December 2

Annandale Church

December 13

Private William Johnson of Company D was executed in front of the regiment for attempted desertion to the enemy, the first in the Army of the Potomac.

1862

March 9

Sangster's Station

Lieutenant Harry B. Hidden of Company H was killed in the opening skirmish of General Kearney's advance up the Orange & Alexandria Railroad.

March 10

Burke Station

March 24

Attached to Cavalry, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

April

Attached to 1st Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock

April 5-May 4

Moved to the Virginia Peninsula for Siege of Yorktown. Company E detached as escort to wagon trains on the Peninsula. Attached to Cavalry, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac.

May 7

West Point

May 22

Mechanicsville

May 27

Hanover C. H.

May 31-June 1

Fair Oaks

June 13

Hanover C. H.

June 25

Oak Grove

June 25-July 1

Seven days before Richmond

June 26

Mechanicsville

June 27

Gaines Mill and Garnett's Farm

June 28

Garnett's and Golding's Farms

June 29

Savage Station and Willis Church

June 30

White Oak Swamp, Glendale and Malvern Cliff

July 1

Malvern Hill and Cold Harbor

July 2

Crew's Farm, Carter's Hill

July 3

Gum Run Swamp

July 8

Assigned to 1st Cavalry Brigade, Army of the Potomac

July 9

Long Bridge Road

July 31

Harrison's Landing

August 20

Stevensburg, Raccoon Ford and Brandy Station

September

Attached to 4th Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army of the Potomac

September 6

Cacapon Bridge, Md. and Seneca Creek

September 9-10

Hyattstown

September 12

Frederick City

September 13-15

Emmettsburg

September 16-17

Antietam

September 19

Williamsport

September 20

Near Shepherdstown

October

Attached to Averill's Cavalry Command, 8th Army Corps, Middle Dept.

October 2 and 4

Blue's Gap, W. Va.

October 2

Hanging Rock

October 4

Cacapon Bridge and Hanging Rock

October 6

North River Mills, South Branch and Cacapon Bridge

October 10

White's Ford

October 17

Hanging Rock

October 18

South Branch

October 27

Springfield

October 29

North River Mills

October 29

French's Store

November

Attached to Defenses Upper Potomac, 8th Army Corps, Middle Dept.

November 4

Occoquan Ferry

November 5

Pughstown

November 6

Lockhart's Gap and Paw Paw Tunnel

November 9

Moorefield, South Fork Potomac (Detachment)

November 10

Romney Bridge

November 15

Near Springfield

November 22 and December 4

Near Winchester

December 11

Darkesville

December 12

Bunker Hill

December 25

Charlestown

1863

January

Attached to Milroy's Command, Winchester, Va., 8th Army Corps

January 7

Woodstock

January 17

Newtown and Strasburg

January 26

Devil's Hole

February

Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 8th Army Corps, then 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 8th Army Corps

February 6

Millwood

February 9

Near Winchester

February 15

Woodstock

February 26

Kernstown and Strasburg

April 13

Snicker's Ferry, Berry's Ferry and Front Royal

April 14

Paris

April 17

Mansfield

April 21

Millwood

April 27

Moorefield

May 4-9

Scout in Hampshire County, W. Va.

May 12-14

Scout from Snicker's Ferry

May 13

Upperville

May 13

Middleburg

May 16

Berry's Ferry

May 28

Upperville

June 5

Berryville

June 8

Piedmont

June 9

Goose Creek

June 13

Near White Post and Millwood, Berryville and Bunker Hill, and Opequan Creek, near Winchester

June 14

Martinsburg

June 14-15

Winchester

June 15-July 1

Milroy's retreat

June 15

Williamsport, Md.

June 16

Hancock

June 20 and 22

Greencastle, Pa.

June 23

Shippensburg

June 23

Near Harper's Ferry

June 25

Cashtown

June 25-26

Carlisle. Attached to Pierce's Brigade, Dept. of the Susquehanna

June 26-27

Harper's Ferry

June 27

Near Kingston

June 29

McConnellsburg, Pa., Hancock, Md., Keedysville, near Kingston

June 30

Near Arendtsville

July 1

Near Fayette and near Carlisle

July 2

Near McConnellsburg

July 3

Near Bendersville, Quaker Vale and Falling Water

July 4

Cranstown and Frederick City

July 5

Cunningham Cross Roads, Near Greencastle, Pa. (Detachment)

July 6

Waynesboro, Waterloo

July 8

Antietam Creek

July 10

Williamsport

July 12

Sharpsburg

July 14

Bendersville

July 16

Pine Grove Furnace

July 17

Shepherdstown

July 22

Mount Rock

July 23

Martinsburg and Shepherdstown

August

Atached to McReynolds' Cavalry Brigade, Dept. of West Virginia

August 14

Bull Run Mountain and near Winchester

August 21

Smithfield

August 22

Berryville

September 1

Leesburg

September 2-23

Expedition from Martinsburg

September 2

Bloomer's Gap

September 5

Middletown

September 9

Near Winchester

September 15-16

Smithfield

September 19

Strasburg and Smithfield

October 14

Back Creek Valley

October 15

Hedgesville

October 17

Berryville

October 18

Charlestown

October 27

Summit Point

October 31

Winchester

November 6

Newtown

November 15-18

Expedition to New Market. Attached to Cavalry Brigade, 1st Division, Army of West Virginia

November 16

Woodstock and Edenburg, Mt. Jackson

November 17

Middletown

November 18

Edenburg

December 10-24

Wells' Demonstration from Kanawha Valley

December 12

Mt. Jackson

December 13

Near Strasburg

December 15

Harrisonburg

December 20

Mt. Jackson

1864

January 1

Regiment reenlisted

January 23-25

Scout to Woodstock. Va.

January 23

Newtown and Woodstock

February 2

Mechanicsburg Gap

February 4

Moorefield

February 8

Front Royal

February 10

Charlestown

February 11

Moorefield

February 20

Upperville

February 28-
March 1

Custer's Raid into Albemarle County (Detachment)

February 29

Near Charlottesville

March 1

Stannardsville

March 10

Cablestown

April

Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Army of West Virginia

April 19-20

Winchester

April 24

Near Middletown and New Market (Detachment)

April 30-May 16

Sigel's Expedition from Martinsburg to New Market

May 1

Upperville

May 6

Near Berryville

May 7

Upperville

May 9

Millwood

May 10

Brock's Gap

May 13

Woodstock, Luray Gap and near New Market .

May 14

Rude's Hill

May 14-15

New Market

May 15

Burnt Bridge

May 16

Paris

May 17

Salem

May 26-July 1

Hunter's Raid to Lynchburg

May 26

New Market

May 31

Woodstock

June

Attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Army of West Virginia

June 2

Harrisonburg

June 5

Piedmont

June 6

Occupation of Staunton

June 8

Near Staunton

June 10

Waynesboro

June 13

Lexington

June 14

Buchanan

June 17

New London and Diamond Hill

June 17-18

Lynchburg

June 19

Liberty

June 20

Buford's Gap

June 21

Catawba Mountains and Salem

June 26

Leetown

June 27

Charlestown and Big Sewell Mountain

July

Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Army of West Virginia

July 3

Leetown and Martinsburg

July 5

Williamsport

July 8

Frederick City

July 9

Ashby's Gap

July 14

White's Ford

July 15

Harper's Ferry, Lovettsville and Hillsboro

July 16

Purcellville

July 17-18

White's Ford and Snicker's Ferry

July 18-19

Ashby's Gap

July 23

Near Kernstown

July 24

Kernstown. Winchester

July 25

Bunker Hill and Martinsburg

July 27

Bloomer's Gap

August 7-November 28

Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, Army of West Virginia.

August 7

Moorefield

August 15

Strasburg

August 16

Leetown and Berryville

August 19

Martinsburg

August 21

Charlestown

August 23

Bolivar Heights

August 24

Falling Waters

August 26

Halltown

August 26

Williamsport

August 31

Martinsburg

September 1

Stephenson's Depot

September 1-3

Buckletown

September 2

Darkesville, near Bunker Hill, and Martinsburg

September 2-3

Bunker Hill

September 3

Darkesville

September 5

Stephenson's Depot

September 10

Darkesville

September 13

Bunker Hill

September 14

Near Berryville

September 17

Burnt Factory

September 18

Martinsburg

September 19

Opequan, Winchester

September 21

Strasburg

September 22

Fisher's Hill

September 23

Woodstock

September 23-24

Mt. Jackson

September 24

Forest Hill or Timberville

September 25

Harrisonburg

September 26

Brown's Gap

September 26-27

Weyer's Cave

October 2-3

Luray Valley

October 5

Rapidan River

October 7

Big Springs

October 9

Milford

October 14

White Post

October 19

Cedar Creek

October 23

Dry Run

October 25-26

Milford

November 1

Rood's Hill

November 12

Newtown and Nineveh

November 22

Rood's Hill

December

Attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Middle Military Division and Army Potomac

December 9

Dicksville

December 19-28

Raid to Gordonsville

December 21

Liberty Mills

December 23

Jack's Shop, near Gordonsville

December 27

Near Ashby's Gap

1865

February 27 - March 25

Sheridan's Raid from Winchester

February 28

Mr. Crawford

March 2

Waynesboro and Occupation of Staunton

March 12

Haydensville

March 15

Beaver Dam Station

March 23

White House

March 28-April 9

Appomattox Campaign, attached to Cavalry Corps, 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division

March 29-31

Dinwiddie Court House

April 1

Five Forks

April 3

Namozine Church

April 4

Jettersville

April 5

Amelia Court House

April 5-6

Farmville

April 6

Sailor's Creek

April 7

Stony Point

April 8

Appomattox Station

April 9

Appomattox Court House, surrender of Lee and his army.

April 23-29

Movement to North Carolina

May

March to Washington, D.C

May 23

Grand Review

June 27

Mustered out and honorably discharged from service at Alexandria, Virginia under Colonel Alonzo Adams.




 
About the Author • ©2014 Steve Hawks