The Civil War in the East

5th New Hampshire Infantry Regiment

The 5th New Hampshire Infantry Regiment lost 18 officers and 277 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 2 officers and 176 enlisted men to disease. This is the greatest loss sustained in battle of any regiment of infantry or cavalry in the Union Army during the Civil War. The regiment is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

Monument to the 5th New Hampshire Infantry Regiment at Gettysburg



Organized at Concord, N. H.

October 22

Mustered in

October 29

Left State for Washington, D.C. In camp at Bladensburg, Defenses of Washington, D.C., attached to Howard's Brigade, Sumner's Division, Army of the Potomac

November 3-11

Expedition to Lower Maryland

November 27

At Camp California, near Alexandria, Va.


January 17

Scout to Burke's Station (Company A)

March 10-15

Advance on Manassas, Va. attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

March 20

Reconnaissance to Gainesville

March 28-29

To Rappahannock Station

March 28

Warrenton Junction

April 4

Moved to the Virginia Peninsula

April 5-May 4

Siege of Yorktown, Va.

May 28-30

Temporarily attached to Woodbury's Engineer Brigade to construct Grapevine Bridge over Chickahominy

May 31-June 1

Battle of Fair Oaks or Seven Pines

June 25-July 1

Seven days before Richmond

June 28

Orchard Station

June 29

Peach Orchard, Allen's Farm and Savage Station

June 30

White Oak Swamp and Glendale

July 1

Malvern Hill


At Harrison's Landing

August 16-30

Movement to Fortress Monroe, then to Alexandria and to Centreville, Va. to cover Pope's retreat from Bull Run


Maryland Campaign

September 14

Battle of South Mountain (Reserve)

September 15

Antietam Creek, near Keadysville

September 16-17

Battle of Antietam

September 21 - October 29

Duty at Harper's Ferry, W. Va.

October 16-17

Reconnaissance to Charlestown

October 29-November 17

Advance up Loudon Valley and movement to Falmouth, Va.

December 12-15

Battle of Fredericksburg


January 20-24

Burnside's Second Campaign, "Mud March"


Duty at Falmouth

April 27-May 6

Chancellorsville Campaign

May 1-5

Battle of Chancellorsville


Colonel Cross takes command of the brigade, and Lieutenant Colonel Charles E. Hapgood takes command of the regiment

June 9

Reconnaissance to Rappahannock

June 13-July 24

Gettysburg Campaign

July 1-3

Battle of Gettysburg

When Colonel Cross was mortally wounded by a Confederate sharpshooter, Lt. Colonel Hapgood pointed out the man to Sergeant Charles Phelps, who dropped the hapless Rebel. Phelps, in turn, was himself mortally wounded.


From the monument: "Here July 2nd, 1863 from 5 p.m. till 7 the 5th N.H. Vols. stood and fought. Total engaged 182. Killed or mortally wounded 31. Total killed and wounded 81."


On this spot fell mortally wounded Edward C. Cross, Col. 5th N.H. Vols. Comdg. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Corps, July 2nd, 1863"


"Killed or mortally wounded: 2nd Lieut. Ruel G. Austin; Sergeants Oscar D. Allen, Samuel Dolbear, Charles H. Phelps, William B. Welch; Corporals Charles F. Burrell, Edwin B. Cilley, George H. Hackett, Warren M. Parker, George W. Sylvester, Edward G. F. Stinson, Joseph Tricky; Privates Byron Bennett, Horace Bolii, Joesph Bond Jr., George H. Bucknam, James Burns, Joseph Craig, Charles A. Damon, Lucius Feeney, Andrew J. Foss, Samuel R. Green, Charles Kimball, George Kimball, Charles A. Lovejoy, Nathan B. Osmer, Eliph. B. W. Stevens, Roland Taylor, Nathan B. Thompson, Otis Thompson"


"The State of New Hampshire erected this monument July 2nd, 1886 to commemorate the valor of her sons."

July 26-August 3

Moved to Concord, N.H., Dept. of the East for duty at Draft Rendezvous, Concord, N.H.

November 8-13

Moved to Point Lookout, Md. and duty there guarding prisoners. Attached to Marston's Command, Point Lookout, Md.


May 27-June 1

Moved to Cold Harbor, Va., attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

June 1-12

Battles about Cold Harbor

June 16-19

Before Petersburg, Va.; Siege of Petersburg begins

June 22-23

Jerusalem Plank Road

July 27-28

Deep Bottom, north of James River

July 30

Mine Explosion, Petersburg (Reserve)

August 13-20

Demonstration north of James River

August 14-18

Strawberry Plains

August 25

Ream's Station

October 12

Non-Veterans mustered out

December 9-10

Reconnaissance to Hatcher's Run

February 5-7

Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run

March 25

Watkins' House

March 28-April 9

Appomattox Campaign

March 29-30

On line of Hatcher's and Gravelly Runs

March 31

Hatcher's Run or Boydton Road and White Oak Road

April 2

Sutherland Station; Fall of Petersburg

April 6

Saylor's Creek

April 7

High Bridge and Farmville

April 9

Appomattox Court House. Surrender of Lee and his army.

May 2-12

Moved to Washington, D.C.

May 23

Grand Review

July 28

Mustered out

August 8


About the Author • ©2015 Steve Hawks