The Civil War in the East

1st Michigan Infantry Regiment

The two versions of the 1st Michigan Infantry Regiment lost 15 officers and 172 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 149 enlisted men to disease, a total of 337.


The regiment is honored by a monument at Gettysburg. From the monument: "Total enrollment 2144 officers and men. Killed in action officers 12, men 135. Died of wounds officers 6, men 22. Died of disease, officers 1, men 95. Total 252. From the first to the last. Entry into Virginia and capture of Alexandria May 24, 1861 to Appomattox April 8, 1865. Participated in 54 skirmishes and general engagements."

monument to the 1st Michigan Infantry Regiment at Gettysburg

1st Michigan Infantry Regiment (3 months service)


May 1

Organized at Fort Wayne, Detroit, Mich., and mustered into United States service (the only three-months Regiment from Michigan) under Colonel Orlando Wilcox, Lieutenant Colonel Loren L. Comstock and Major Alonzo Bidwell

May 13

Left State for Washington, D.C.

May 16

Arrived in Washington late in the evening, the first western regiment to reach Washington.

May 24

Crosssed the Potomac via the Long Bridge and occupied Arlington Heights, Va.

June 1

Action at Arlington Mills (Co. "E") Attached to Willcox's Brigade, Heintzelman's Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia

July 16-21

Advance on Manassas, Va.

July 21

Battle of Bull Run

Commanded by Major Bidwell while Colonel Wilcox commanded the brigade. The regiment went into action with 25 officers and 475 enlisted men and lost 6 killed or mortally wounded, 4 officers and 33 enlisted men wounded and 65 men missing. Captain Eben Butterworth and Lieutenants Bernard Mauch and John Casey were mortally wounded and captured by the 28th Virginia Infantry. Captain Charles Lum and Lieutenant Hiram Warner were wounded.


Colonel Wilcox was wounded leading several charges during the battle, for which he received the Medal of Honor. Captain William Withington of Company B was also awarded the Medal of Honor for staying on the field and succoring Wilcox. He was wounded and taken prisoner, but was exchanged and went on to become the colonel of the 17th Michigan Infantry.

August 7

Mustered out under Major Bidwell.

1st Michigan Infantry Regiment (3 years service)



Organized at Detroit under Colonel John C. Robinson, Lt. Colonel Horace Roberts and Major Franklin Whittlesey.

September 16

Mustered in and left State for Washington, D.C.; Attached to 1st Brigade, Hooker's Division, Army of the Potomac


Duty at Bladensburg, Md. and at Annapolis Junction guarding Washington & Baltimore Railroad



Railroad Brigade, Army of the Potomac


Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac


Duty at Camp Hamilton, Fortress Monroe, Va.

April 28

Colonel Robinson promoted to brigadier general and Lieutenant Colonel Roberts promoted to colonel


Attached to Robinson's Brigade, Dept. of Virginia


Ordered to join Army of the Potomac in the field. Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps.

June 25-July 1

Seven days before Richmond, Va.

June 26

Battles of Mechanicsville

June 27

Gaines Mill

Colonel Roberts wounded

June 29

Peach Orchard and Savage Station

June 30

Glendale and Turkey Bridge

July 1

Malvern Hill, then at Harrison's Landing

August 16-27

Movement to Fortress Monroe, then to Centreville, Va.

August 28


August 30

Second Battle of Bull Run

Colonel Roberts killed

September 6-22

Maryland Campaign

September 16-17

Battle of Antietam

September 19

Shepherdstown Ford

September 20


October 29 - November 19

Movement to Falmouth, Va.

December 12-15

Battle of Fredericksburg, Va

December 29-30

Expedition from Potomac Creek to Richards and Ellis Fords, Rappahannock River


January 20-24

"Mud March"

January - April

At Falmouth

April 27-May 6

Chancellorsville Campaign

May 1-5

Battle of Chancellorsville

June 11-July 24

Gettysburg Campaign


July 1-3

Battle of Gettysburg

The Regiment was commanded by Colonel Ira C. Abbott, who was wounded on July 2nd. Lieutenant Colonel William A. Throop then took command despite also being wounded.


From the monument: "Present for duty 21 officers 240 men, total 261. Killed 1 officer 4 men. Wounded 6 officers 27 men. Missing 4 men. Total 42."

July 5-24

Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap

July 27 -
September 17

At Warrenton and Beverly Ford

September 18

Provost duty at Culpeper

October 11-22

Bristoe Campaign

November 7-8

Advance to line of the Rappahannock

November 7

Rappahannock Station

November 26 -
December 2

Mine Run Campaign

December 3

Duty near Culpeper


February 23

Re-enlisted as Veterans


Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps

May 4-June 15

Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River

May 5-7

Battle of the Wilderness

May 8-21

Battle of Spottsylvania Court House

May 8

Laurel Hill

May 12

Assault on the Salient

May 23-26

North Anna River

May 23

Jericho Mills

May 28-31


June 1-12

Battle of Cold Harbor

June 1-3

Bethesda Church

June 16

Siege of Petersburg begins

July 30

Mine Explosion, Petersburg (Reserve)

August 18-21

Six-Mile House, Weldon Railroad

September 29 - October 2

Poplar Springs Church

October 27-28

Boydton Road, Hatcher's Run

December 7-12

Warren's Expedition to Weldon Railroad


February 5-7

Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run

March 28-April 9

Appomattox Campaign

March 29

Junction, Quaker and Boydton Roads

March 29

Lewis' Farm, near Gravelly Run

March 30-31

White Oak Road

April 1

Five Forks

April 2

Fall of Petersburg

April 3-9

Pursuit of Lee

April 9

Appomattox Court House; Surrender of Lee and his army

May 16

Duty at City Point, Va.

May 16-18

Moved to Alexandria

May 23

Grand Review

June 16

Ordered to Louisville, Ky.

July 9

Mustered out at Jeffersonville, Indiana

About the Author • ©2015 Steve Hawks