The Civil War in the East

4th Maine Infantry Regiment

 

The 4th Maine Infantry Regiment lost 14 officers and 156 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 officers and 135 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.

 

It is honored by a monument and a marker at Gettysburg.

Monument to the 4th Maine Infantry at Gettysburg

1861

 

Organized at Rockland, Maine for three months service

May 8

The regiment elected Hiram Berry as colonel, Adelbert Ames (who had just graduated from West Point) as lieutenant colonel, and Frank Nickerson as major. But Ames was not allowed to accept the volunteer commission by the War Deartment, so Nickerson was advanced to lieutenant colonel and Thomas Marshall became major.

Late May

The regiment was ordered to change its enlstment to three years service. A number of men from company F declined to do so and the company was disbanded, with some men willing to serve the three years being placed in other companies. A company from Brooks took the place of the original Company F

June 15

Mustered in for three years service by Captain Thomas Hight, U.S.A.

June 16

Knapsacks were packed and one days rations were cooked.

June 17

Left State for Washington, D.C. The regiment marched through town accompanied by the Rockland Band, and halted while militia Major-General Titcomb presented Colonel Berry with a state flag. They then marched to the wharf and boarded the steamship Daniel Webster, which proceeded to Portland. At Portland the regiment debarked and was lodged in the City Hall.

June 18

Early in the morning the regiment marched to the train station. The regiment suffered its first casualty here - a private Roland slipped on the march to the train, breaking his leg. The rest of the regiment boarded their twenty car train for Boston, arriving in early afternoon. Crowds met the train all along the route. At Boston they spent the day on the Common, then in early evening boarded another train for Fall River, where they boarded the steamship Bay State.

June 19

Arrived in New York at mid-day. The regiment marched to City Hall, where the Reverend Dr. Hitchcock presented them with a set of national and state colors. The men then retired to their barracks in the park and the officers to the Astor House. untl evening, when they took a train for Philadelphia. They arrived late at night but were treated to a feast of sandwiches and baked beans attended by a host of "pretty waiting maids."

June 21

Arrived in Washington

June

Camp on Meridian Hill, Defenses of Washington. Attached to Howard's Brigade, Heintzelman's Division, McDowell's Army of Northeastern Virginia

July 8

Crossed the Potomac and camped at Bush Hill

July 16-21

Advance on Manassas, Va.

July 21

Battle of Bull Run

The regiment lost 23 men killed, 3 officers and 24 men wounded, and 3 officers and 38 men missing.

August

Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C. assigned to Heintzelman's Brigade, Division of the Potomac

September

The regiment mutinied, a number of men having signed up for 30 days service now being forced to serve for three years. One hundred men were transferred, and Company H disbanded.

October

Assigned to Sedgwick's Brigade, Heintzelman's Division, Army of the Potomac

November

Company H reconsituted with recruits

1862

March

Assigned to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army Potomac

March 10-15

Advance on Manassas, Va.

March 17

Moved to the Peninsula

March 25

Colonel Berry was promoted to brigadier general and Colonel Elijah Walker asumed command

April to August

Peninsula Campaign

April 5-May 4

Siege of Yorktown

May 5

Battle of Williamsburg

May 31-June 1

Battle of Seven Pines or Fair Oaks

June 18

Near Richmond

June 25-July 1

Seven days before Richmond

June 25

Oak Grove

June 30

Charles City Cross Roads and Glendale

July 1

Malvern Hill

Held the front line, and were the last infantry to leave the field.

July - August

At Harrison's Landing

August 16-27

Retreat from the Peninsula and movement to Centreville

August 27-
September 2

Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia

August 29

Battle of Groveton

August 30

Bull Run

The regiment lost 14 killed, 85 wounded and 15 missing.

September 1

Chantilly

The regiment lost 10 men killed, 2 officers and 34 men wounded and 8 men missing

Saptember

Guard fords from Monocacy River to Conrad's Ferry

October 11-
November 23

March to Leesburg, thence to Falmouth, Va.

October 12

Mouth of Monocacy, White's Ford

December 12-15

Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment llost 3 officers and 19 men killed, 7 officers and 59 men wounded and 32 missing, including Major Pitcher, who was killed

1863

January 20-24

"Mud March"

February-April

At Falmouth

April 27-May 6

Chancellorsville Campaign

May 1-5

Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment llost 1 officer and 2 men killed, 3 officers and 15 men wounded and 7 men missing

June 11

Gettysburg Campaign

Marched from camp to Bealton Station, then to Catlett’s Station, Manassas junction and Blackburn’s Ford

June 17

Arrived in Centreville

June 19

Bivouacked at Gum Springs

June 25

Moved to and bivouacked at the mouth of the Monocacy.

June 26

To Point of Rocks, Md.

June 27

To Middletown

June 29

To Taneytown

June 30

To near Emmitsburg

July 1

To Emmitsburg. Arrived at Gettysburg around 7 p.m.

July 1-3

Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Elijah Walker. It lost 11 killed, 59 wounded, and 74 missing out of 332 men engaged, including Colonel Walker, who was wounded, and Major Whitcomb, who was mortally wounded. Captain Edwin Libby took command after July 2.

 

In partnership with the 1st U.S. Sharpshooters, the 3rd attacked Longstreet's gathering attack on the afternoon of the 2nd, then rejoined its brigade and took part in a severe fight at the Devil's Den.

July 5-23

Pursuit of Lee. Assigned to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps.

July 23

Wapping Heights, Va.

October 9-22

Bristoe Campaign

Colonel Walker rejoined the regiment

November 7-8

Advance to line of the Rappahannock

November 7

Kelly's Ford

November 26-
December 2

Mine Run Campaign

November 27

Payne's Farm

1864

February 6-7

Demonstration on the Rapidan

March

Assigned to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Corps

May 3-June 15

Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River. Assigned to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps

May 5-7

Battle of the Wilderness

On May 5 the regiment lost 4 officers and 17 men killed or mortally wounded, 4 officers and 104 enlisted men wounded, and 3 missing.On May 6th it lost 1 officer and 4 men killed, 26 men wounded and 6 missing, and on the 7th 4 men wounded and 1 missing. These included Major Grey and Captains Amos Wooster and Edwin Libby and Lieutenants C. C. Grey, Henry O. Ripley, and J. R. Conant, who were killed or mortally wounded.

May 8

Laurel Hill

May 8-12

Spotsylvania

May 10

Po River

May 12-21

Spotsylvania C. H.

May 12

"Bloody Angle," Assault on the Salient

May 19

Harris Farm, Fredericksburg Road

May 23-26

North Anna River

The regiment lost 5 killed and 19 wounded, including Colonel Walker, who was again wounded

May 26-28

On line of the Pamunkey

May 28-31

Totopotomoy

June 1-12

Cold Harbor

June 15

Before Petersburg

June 15

Ordered to the rear.

July 19

Thirteen officers and 113 enlisted men mustered out. Two hundred seventeen Veterans and recruits were transferred to 19th Maine Infantry.




 
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