The Civil War in the East

1st Maryland Cavalry Regiment


The regiment lost 3 officers and 65 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 3 officers and 130 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg (right) .


From the monument: "Casualties in action during the war: Killed 1 officer, 32 men, total 33; Wounded 10 officers, 147 men, total 157; Captured or missing 12 officers, 208 men, Total 220. Aggregate 410."

Monument to the 1st Maryland Cavalry Regiment at Gettysburg


April 5,

Patterson's Union Cavalry (later Company G) organized at Pittsburgh, Pa.


Companies A, B, C, D, E and F organized at Baltimore, Md.; Regiment attached to Dix's Command, Baltimore, Md.; Companies G, H, I and K attached to 1st Virginia Union Cavalry, Department of West Virginia

August 19

Companies H and I organized in Washington and Allegheny Counties, Pa. Morehead's Cavalry Company (later Company K) organized at Allegheny City, Pa.; Co. K ordered to Washington, D.C., attached to Landers' Command, Army of the Potomac, duty at Williamsport, Hancock and Cumberland, Md.

September 3-4

Skirmishes at Edward's Ferry (Company. K)

October 3

Action at Greenbrier, W. Va. (Company G)

October 21

Ball's Bluff, Va. (Detachment)



Companies G, H, I and K assigned to 1st Maryland Cavalry

January 4

Stone's Cross Roads, Ball's Bluff, Bath and Alpine Station (Companies G, H and I)

January 5-6

Hancock (Company K)

January 7-
February 14

Bloomery Gap (Company I)

February - March

At Baltimore


Hatch's Cavalry Brigade, Dept. of the Shenandoah

March to June

Operations in Shenandoah Valley

March 7-15

Advance on Winchester

May 24-26

Pursuit of Jackson up the Valley. Retreat to Williamsport, Md.

May 24

Middletown (Company. A, B, C, G and I)

May 25

Winchester (Company A, B, C, G and I); (Company D, F, H, K and L arrive at Harper's Ferry)

May 28


May 28-30

Defense of Harper's Ferry (Company D, F, H, K and L)

June 9

Near Harper's Ferry


Attached to Cavalry Brigade, 2nd Corps, Pope's Army of Virginia

July 12-17

Expedition to Madison Court House, Culpeper and Orange Court Houses

July 12

Near Culpeper

July 13

Rapidan Station

August 8

Madison Court House

August 9

Battle of Cedar Creek

August 16 - September 2

Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia

August 21-23

Fords of the Rappahannock

August 23-24

Fauquier, White Sulphur Springs

August 28


August 29


August 30

Bull Run

September 1


September 2

Evacuation of Winchester (Companies H & I)


Assigned to Cavalry Brigade, 11th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

September 6

Frederick, Md.

September 7

Boonsboro, Md.

September 10

Near Boonsboro

September 12-13

Maryland Heights and Harper's Ferry (Companies H & I)

September 14

Cut way through enemy's lines (Companies H & I)

September 14


September 15


September 16

Capture of Longstreet's trains (Companies. H & I); Rapidan Station

September - December

Duty in the Defenses of the Upper Potomac covering Washington, D.C.

October 23-24

Manassas, Va.

October 29

Affair opposite Williamsport (Detachment)

November 9

Reconnaissance from Bolivar Heights to Rippen, W. Va. (2 Companies)

December 2-6

Reconnaissance to Winchester (Detachment)

December 12-15

Battle of Fredericksburg

December 27



January - Apri

Duty in the defenses of the Upper Potomac

January 26

Near Cumberland, Md., Grove Church, near Morrisville


Attached to Defenses Upper Potomac, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department; then 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac

April 27 - May 8

Chancellorsville Campaign, Stoneman's Raid

May 3

South Anna Bridge, near Ashland


Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps

June 9

Brandy Station, or Fleetwood, and Beverly Ford

June 17


June 21

Frederick, Md. (Detachment)

June 23


June 25


June 30


July 1-3

Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel James M. Deems. It brought 335 men to the field and lost two wounded and one missing.

July 4-6


July 5


July 7


July 8


July 10

Hagerstown and Old Antietam Forge, near Leitersburg

July 14 and 16


September 6

Beverly Ford

September 13-17

Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan

September 13

Culpeper Court House

September 13 and 15-16

Rapidan Station

September 15

Raccoon Ford

September 21

White's Ford


Attached to Provost Marshal General's Command, Army of the Potomac

October 9-22

Bristoe Campaign

October 10

Germania Ford and James City

October 11

Near Warrenton

October 12-13

White Sulphur Springs

October 14

Bristoe Station; Near Centreville and Brentsville

November 7-8

Advance to line of the Rappahannock

November 26 - December 2

Mine Run Campaign

November 26

Grove Church, near Morrisville

November 29

Parker's Store


Duty In Middle Department



Attached to 3rd Separate Brigade, 8th Army Corps, Middle Dept.

May 6


May 8



Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 10th Army Corps, Army of the James, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina

June 16-17

Wier Bottom Church, on Bermuda Hundred Front, Va.

June 19

Richmond and Petersburg R. R.

July 21

Deep Bottom

July 27-28

New Market Heights

August 14-18

Strawberry Plains, north of the James

August 14

Flusser's Mills

August 16-18

Deep Run

August 25 - September 27

Siege of Petersburg

September 28-30

Battle of Chaffin's Farm


Attached to 3rd Brigade, Cavalry Division, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina

October 7

New Market Heights

October 13

Darbytown Road

October 27-28

Fair Oaks

December 7




Duty before Richmond

January 30

Scout to Long and Bottom's Bridge

February 11-15

Expedition to Fearnsville and Smithfield

March 28-April 9

Appomattox Campaign

March 30-31

Dinwiddie Court House

April 1

Five Forks

April 2

Sutherland Station

April 3

Burgess Mills

April 4

Deep Creek

April 5

Amelia Court House

April 6

Sailor's Creek and Harper's Farm

April 6-7


April 9

Appomattox Court House; Surrender of Lee and his army


Cavalry, Dept. of Virginia

April 23-29

March to Danville

April - August

Duty in the Department of Virginia

August 8

Mustered out

About the Author • ©2015 Steve Hawks