The Civil War in the East

1st Virginia Infantry Regiment

Other field officers Lieutenant Colonels William H. Fry and Frank H. Langley and Majors John Dooley, William P. Mumford, George F. Norton, and William H. Palmer.

 

The ancestry of the 1st Virginia Infantry dates back to the 1600's. its commanders included George Washington and Patrick Henry.

1861

April 19

Ten companies of militia were organized into the 1st Infantry at Richmond under Colonel Patrick Moore:

 

Company A, Richmond Grays
Company B, Richmond City Guard
Company C, Montgomery Guard
Company D, Old Dominion Guard
Company E, Richmond Light Infantry Blues
Company F, Captain Cary's "F Company";
Company G; Captain William H. Gordon's company

Company H, Captain Randolph's Howitzer company

Company I, Captain Robert Morris' company

Company K, Virginia Rifles

The Richmond Fayette Artillery was also attached to the regiment.

April 21

Company A, Richmond Grays left for Norfolk. In August of 1861, they were assigned to the 12th Regiment of Virginia Volunteers. Company E, the Richmond Light Infantry Blues, and Captain Cary's Company F, left Richmond for Fredericksburg, and were never returned to the regiment. Company E was replaced by the "Washington Volunteers" for one year's service.

April 25

The Richmond Fayette Artillery was detached from the regiment, and in May, was stationed at the Richmond College artillery barracks. Captain Randolph's Howitzers, Company H, went into quarters at the Spotswood Hotel on April 19, but later moved to Richmond College, where they were detached from the regiment and reorganized into an artillery battalion.

April 27

Marched to Camp Lee at the Fair Grounds on the western edge of Richmond.

April 29

The Old Dominion Guard was mustered into service as Company D.

May 4

Captain Francis J. Boggs' second company of Richmond Grays was assigned to the regiment, replacing Captain Randolph's Howitzers as Company H.

May 25

Left by train for Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction.

June 30

Mustered from Virginia state service into Confederate service

July 18

Battle of Blackburn's Ford

July 21

Battle of Manassas

Assigned to Longstreet's Brigade. Colonel Patrick T. Moore was wounded and disabled from future field service.

August

570 men available for duty

1862

April

Company E and Company K were disbanded at the expiration of their one year service; the regiment was reorganized with six companies and assigned to A.P. Hill's Brigade

April - May

Siege of Yorktown

May 5

Battle of Williamsburg

Colonel Lewis B. Williams was badly wounded and captured. Captain William H. Palmer took command even though he was slightly wounded.

May 25

Brigadier General A.P. Hill is promoted to division command, and the brigade is taken over by Colonel James Kemper.

May 31-June 1

Battle of Seven Pines

June

Colonel Williams was exchanged and returned to command the regiment

June 25-July 1

Seven days before Richmond

June 30

Battle of Frayser's Farm

August

The brigade was under the temporary command of Colonel Montgomery Corse while Brigadier General Kemper took command of a temporary division.

August 30

2nd Battle of Manassas

The regiment lost 28 men of the 140 engaged

September

Brigadier General Kemper resumed command of the brigade, which became part of the division of Brigadier General David R. Jones in Longstreet's Command

September 14

Battle of Boonsborough (South Mountain)

The regiment was commnaded by Captain George F. Norton

September 17

Battle of Sharpsburg

Commanded by Major William Palmer in

November

Assigned to Kemper's Brigade, Pickett's Division, First Army Corps

December 13

Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment lost nine men wounded

1863

April-May

Suffolk Campaign

July 3

Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Lewis B. Williams and brought 209 men to the field. It took part in Pickett's charge on the right flank of the attacking column, taking heavy casualties from the flanking fire of the Vermont Brigade. The regiment lost 27 men killed, 73 wounded, and 13 missing. Colonel Williams was mortally wounded, and Lt. Colonel F. G. Skinner then took command of the regiment.

 

Many of the officers of the regiment became casualties: Major Francis H. Langley was wounded, Captain James Hallihan was killed, Captains Tomas H. Davis, , Eldridge Morris, George Norton and Albert Watkins were wounded, Lieutenants Adolphus Blair, Paul Cabell, John Dooley, Ellison Martin, Jesse Payne, Edward Reeve and William Woody were wounded, Lieutenant William Caho was mortally wounded and captured and Lieutenant William Kenningham was wounded and captured.

 

From the marker on the Gettysburg battlefield:

 

July 2. Arrived about sunset and bivouacked on the western border of Spangler's Woods.

 

July 3. In the forenoon formed line in the field east of the woods with right flank near Spangler's Barn. At the close of the cannonade advanced and took part in Longstreet's assault upon the Union position in the vicinity of the Angle. Exposed to a severe fire of artillery and vigorously assailed beyond the Emmitsburg Road by infantry on the right flank with ranks thinned and much disorganized by its losses especially of officers it pressed on against the Union line at the stone wall where after a fierce encounter the struggle ended. Gen. J. L. Kemper fell wounded in front of the stone wall.

 

July 4. Spent the day in reorganization and during the night began the march to Hagerstown.

July

Escorted prisoners back to Virginia

September

Detached from the Army of Northern Virginia and assigned to the Department of Richmond

1864

April 17-20

Battle of Plymouth, N.C.

May 16

Drewry's Bluff

The regiment lost 12 killed and 25 wounded

May 18

Howlett House

May 22-26

Battle of the North Anna

June 1-3

Battle of Cold Harbor

June 16

Clay Farm

June 1864

Siege of Petersburg begins

1865

March 3

Dinwiddie Court House

April 1

Five Forks

The regiment lost 1 killed and 77 wounded

April 6

Sayler's Creek

The regiment lost 40 men captured

April 9

Appomattox Court House

Surrendered 17 men under the command of Sergeant Major Andrew J. Simpson




 
About the Author • ©2014 Steve Hawks